Happy Hospital: A Pre-K Dramatic Play Activity Plan

Updated on December 12, 2016

Hello, Happy Hospital!

Goal of the Activity:

The goal of this activity is to give children the opportunity to learn about hospital tools and procedures as well as express any fears or misconceptions about the hospital.

Objectives:

  • Children will use their creativity to act out the roles of doctors, nurses, and patients.
  • Children will demonstrate their knowledge of the hospital by acting out medical procedures.
  • Children will show their gross and fine motor skills by manipulating the tools provided.

Rationale for the Activity:

This dramatic play activity provides an opportunity for children to creatively express themselves (DAP, p.175) and a time to interact with one another to improve social development (DAP, p.127). Young children need extended times to interact with one another to become socially competent.

Learning Standard(s):

  • Georgia PreK Content Standard CD3a: Participates in dramatic play to express feelings, dramatize stories, reenact real-life roles and experiences.
  • Georgia PreK Content Standard HPD3a: Participates in activities related to health and personal care routine.

Materials Needed:

  • Ace bandages
  • Syringes without needles
  • Slings
  • Latex gloves
  • Stethoscope
  • Band aids
  • Small flashlights
  • Tongue depressors
  • Reflex hammer
  • Blood pressure cuff
  • Surgical masks, scrubs, lab coats
  • Clipboards, paper, and pens
  • Stuffed animals or dolls with arms and legs
  • Mats, pillows, blankets
  • X-rays

Introducing the Area:

Read the book Curious George Goes to the Hospital during large group and talk about what the hospital is like.

Invite a doctor to visit the class and talk to the children during large group. Have him or her wear scrubs and bring some equipment (i.e. stethoscope, blood pressure cuff, etc.) and pictures of a hospital. He or she can explain the purpose of each tool and what doctors in a hospital do. Suggested phrases:

  1. Doctors are people who help you feel better when you are sick.
  2. They wear clothes like I am wearing, and put on gloves and a mask to protect you from germs.
  3. They use many tools like these to find out how to help you.
  4. The doctor may use this stethoscope to listen to your heart like this.
  5. In a hospital, you may stay in a bed like this one.
  6. Have you ever been to the hospital?
  7. What was it like? Were you scared?

The teacher or the doctor can demonstrate how to give a shot, wrap and bandage, and listen to the heart of a stuffed animal.

Detailed Procedure and Questions to Ask Children:

1. Set up the dramatic play area to look like a hospital with a waiting room and hospital rooms.
2. Encourage children to play various roles in the hospital like the patients, doctors, and nurses.

  • What role do you want to play?

3. Encourage children to gently use the equipment on each other or on the stuffed animals.

  • These animals can be your patients or your friends can play the patients.
  • Be gentle when you wrap their arm.

4. Play the role of a nurse or patient in order to participate with the children while still allowing them to direct their own play.

  • How can I help you doctor? What can I do to help the patient?

5. Ask children about their own experiences in the hospital and encourage them to act them out.

  • Have you ever been to the hospital before?
  • What happened there?
  • Did your parents stay with you?
  • What did the doctors and nurses do? Where they nice?
  • What did you like about the hospital?

6. Help children use the bandages, syringes, etc. on their “patients”.

  • Doctor, can I show you how the syringe works? You put it on the patient’s arm like this and push this button down. Now you can do it!

Comments

  • Be aware of any misconceptions that children might reveal in their dramatic play. For example, you may have to explain that both men and women can be doctors and nurses or that shots are not usually given in the eyes.
  • You may have to help some children join the playgroup or negotiate a disagreement. Carefully observe the play and assist when needed.

Reference:

This activity plan was created by K. McMichael, CHFD 5130 student, University of Georgia.

This activity plan was inspired by Bales, D. W., Coleman, M., & Wallinga, C. (2004). Teaching Basic Health and Safety in the Early Childhood Classroom. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Department of Child and Family Development.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      sofia franco 

      21 months ago

      I really love this lesson plan! thank you for sharing!

    • letstalkabouteduc profile image

      McKenna Meyers 

      3 years ago from Bend, OR

      Awesome! Children learn so much from dramatic play -- vocabulary, role-playing, imagination, sharing, and cooperation. The preschools are doing it right! Now parents need to stand up and fight for developmentally appropriate practices like this in kindergarten. Too many parents are being told that there's something wrong with their children when, in reality, there's something wrong with the educational system that expects too much too soon. Great job!

    • kmcmichael profile imageAUTHOR

      kmcmichael 

      7 years ago from Athens, Georgia

      I'm so glad you agree! I'm glad that what I am learning in college is applicable in a real early childhood setting.

    • KristenGrace profile image

      KristenGrace 

      7 years ago from Philadelphia, PA

      I work in an early childhood setting, and I agree 100% with the ideas you have included in your description of a Dramatic Play plan for a hospital. Wonderful work - Thanks for sharing!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, wehavekids.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://wehavekids.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)