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Introduction to Continents and Countries for Preschool and Kindergarten

Give your children a basic introduction to the continents, countries and oceans with this curriculum designed for preschoolers and kindergarteners. The curriculum provides a bitesize amount of information on each topic and includes educational songs, as well as links to games and coloring pages. You should cover just one section per day. It will take 10 days to complete.

Continent Song

Day 1: Continents

Continents are like big pieces of land. There are seven continents on Earth. The continents are called:

  • Africa
  • Antarctica
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America

Most of the continents have lots of different countries on them. A country is also a piece of land. But countries are much smaller than continents. Each country has its own government. The government makes the rules that everyone has to follow.

Continents of the World
Continents of the World

Continents and Oceans

Day 2: Continents and Oceans

Continents are like big pieces of land or land masses. There are seven continents on Earth. There are five oceans surrounding the continents. The continents are called:

  • Africa
  • Antarctica
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America

The five oceans are called:

  • The Pacific Ocean
  • The Atlantic Ocean
  • The Indian Ocean
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Southern Ocean

Countries are also pieces of land. They are smaller than continents.

Countries of the World Song

Nations of the World

Day 3: What is a country?

Continents are divided up into smaller pieces of land called countries. Do you know the name of your country? All countries have something called a government. Governments makes rules called laws. People have to follow the laws. You probably have rules in your house. What are some rules you have to follow in your home?

Countries always have a leader. The leader might be called a president, a king or a queen. What kind of leader does your country have? What is his or her name?

Each country has a capital city. The leader of the country usually lives in the capital city. This is also where the members of the government meet to make laws. What is the name of the capital city in your country?

Countries of Africa Song

Day 4: Africa

The continent of Africa has 54 countries. It has a huge desert called the Sahara Desert. A desert is a place that gets very little rain. It has a big rainforest called the Congo Rainforest. A rainforest gets lots and lots of rain. A river called the Congo goes through the rainforest. Africa has another river called the Nile. It is the longest river in the world. It has a grassy area called the Savanna. The Savanna is grassland. Very few trees grow on grasslands. Giraffes, elephants, zebras and lions live in the Savanna. Africa also has a lot of big cities. People in Africa speak many different languages.

Savanna Sing-a-long

Antarctic Field Trip

Day 5: Antarctica

Antarctica is a continent that doesn’t have any countries. It is one of the coldest places in the world. People don’t live here. Scientists do stay for a while and they live in places called bases. The scientists want to learn about the ice sheets, animals and weather in Antarctica.

You have probably heard of the North Pole. There is also a place called the South Pole. The South Pole is in Antarctica.

Lots of animals live in or around Antarctica. Penguins, seals and different types of birds live here. Whales swim in the water around the continent.

Day 6: Asia

Asia is the largest of all the continents. It has a lot of countries. China and India are two of the countries in Asia. The Gobi desert is a huge desert in Asia. There are many rainforests and jungles. Tigers are native Asian animals. So, are Asian elephants. The highest mountain in the world is in Asia. It is called Mount Everest and it is part of a large mountain range called the Himalayas. A mountain range has lots of mountains.

Countries of Asia Song

Countries of Oceania Song

Day 7: Australia

Australia is both a continent and a country. There are some islands that part of Australia. An island is land that is surrounded by water. Two of the islands are Tasmania and New Guinea. Most people in Australia live in cities that are along the coasts. The coasts are where the ocean meets land.

Few people live in the center of Australia. This area is called the outback. The outback is very dry. Kangaroos, emus and dingoes live in the outback. A dingo is a wild dog. There are cattle and sheep ranches or farms in the outback.

The city of Sydney has a famous building called the Sydney Opera House, where people can enjoy concerts and plays.

Australian Animals

Countries of Europe Song

Day 9: Europe

Europe has more than 40 countries. Some countries are very cold and some are very warm. Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland are in an area called the Arctic Circle. These areas are very cold. Italy and Spain are close to the Mediterranean Sea and are warm countries. Europe has temperate forests. These are forests that have seasons and deciduous trees. Deciduous trees lose their leaves every winter. Europe has a lot of old castles. Some countries in Europe still have kings, queens, princes and princesses.

Temperate Forest

Countries of North America

Learn About North America

North America is made up of three large countries and lots of smaller countries. The United States, Canada and Mexico are the big countries. Many small countries are in an area called the Caribbean Sea.

Parts of Canada and the US state Alaska are in a very cold area called the Arctic Circle. Parts of the United States and Mexico are desert land. The Chihuahuan Desert is the largest desert on the continent. A desert is a place that doesn’t get much rain. The Mississippi is a long river.
North America has temperate forests and coniferous forests. Temperate forests have seasons and deciduous trees. Deciduous trees lose leaves every winter. Coniferous forests are in colder areas. They have evergreen trees, which don’t lose their leaves in winter. Coniferous forests are also called boreal forests or taiga.

Animals of North America Song

Countries of South America Song

Learn About South America

South America has 13 countries. The Amazon Rainforest and Amazon River are in South America. Rainforests get a lot of rain. Many animals live in the rainforest, such as jaguars, monkeys, sloths, parrots and toucans.

The Patagonia Desert is the largest desert in South America. It is in a country called Argentina. A desert is a place that doesn’t get much rain. The Andes Mountains is a very long mountain range. Mountain ranges have lots of mountains.

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Comments 4 comments

VVanNess profile image

VVanNess 2 years ago from Prescott Valley

Oh, I love this! I taught first grade for seven years back in Texas. This would have been wonderful to have when I was teaching. :) Great article!


JoanCA profile image

JoanCA 2 years ago Author

Thanks VVanNess. This is something I made for my own kids because I had a hard time finding useful resources for younger kids.


kerlund74 profile image

kerlund74 2 years ago from Sweden

Exellent hub with great structure and suggestions, I would gladly try some of this with my kids. Voted up and useful!


JoanCA profile image

JoanCA 2 years ago Author

Thanks kerlund74.

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