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Introduction to Continents and Countries for Preschool and Kindergarten

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Continents and Countries For Kids

Give your children a basic introduction to the continents, countries and oceans with this curriculum designed for preschoolers and kindergarteners. The curriculum provides a bitesize amount of information on each topic and includes educational songs, as well as links to games and coloring pages. You should cover just one section per day. It will take 10 days to complete.

Day 1: Continents

Continents are like big pieces of land. There are seven continents on Earth. The continents are called:

  • Africa
  • Antarctica
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America

Most of the continents have lots of different countries on them. A country is also a piece of land. But countries are much smaller than continents. Each country has its own government. The government makes the rules that everyone has to follow.

Continents of the World

Continents of the World

Day 2: Continents and Oceans

Continents are like big pieces of land or landmasses. There are seven continents on Earth. There are five oceans surrounding the continents. The continents are called:

  • Africa
  • Antarctica
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America

The five oceans are called:

  • The Pacific Ocean
  • The Atlantic Ocean
  • The Indian Ocean
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Southern Ocean

Countries are also pieces of land. They are smaller than continents.

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Day 3: What Is a Country?

Continents are divided up into smaller pieces of land called countries. Do you know the name of your country? All countries have something called a government. Governments make rules called laws. People have to follow the laws. You probably have rules in your house. What are some rules you have to follow in your home?

Countries always have a leader. The leader might be called a president, a king, or a queen. What kind of leader does your country have? What is his or her name?

Each country has a capital city. The leader of the country usually lives in the capital city. This is also where the members of the government meet to make laws. What is the name of the capital city in your country?

Day 4: Africa

The continent of Africa has 54 countries. It has a huge desert called the Sahara Desert. A desert is a place that gets very little rain. It has a big rainforest called the Congo Rainforest. A rainforest gets lots and lots of rain. A river called the Congo goes through the rainforest. Africa has another river called the Nile. It is the longest river in the world. It has a grassy area called the Savanna. The Savanna is grassland. Very few trees grow on grasslands. Giraffes, elephants, zebras, and lions live in the Savanna. Africa also has a lot of big cities. People in Africa speak many different languages.

Day 5: Antarctica

Antarctica is a continent that doesn’t have any countries. It is one of the coldest places in the world. People don’t live here. Scientists do stay for a while and they live in places called bases. The scientists want to learn about the ice sheets, animals, and weather in Antarctica.

You have probably heard of the North Pole. There is also a place called the South Pole. The South Pole is in Antarctica.

Lots of animals live in or around Antarctica. Penguins, seals, and different types of birds live here. Whales swim in the water around the continent.

Day 6: Asia

Asia is the largest of all the continents. It has a lot of countries. China and India are two of the countries in Asia. The Gobi desert is a huge desert in Asia. There are many rainforests and jungles. Tigers are native Asian animals. So, are Asian elephants. The highest mountain in the world is in Asia. It is called Mount Everest and it is part of a large mountain range called the Himalayas. A mountain range has lots of mountains.

Day 7: Australia

Australia is both a continent and a country. There are some islands that are part of Australia. An island is land that is surrounded by water. Two of the islands are Tasmania and New Guinea. Most people in Australia live in cities that are along the coasts. The coasts are where the ocean meets land.

Few people live in the center of Australia. This area is called the outback. The outback is very dry. Kangaroos, emus, and dingoes live in the outback. A dingo is a wild dog. There are cattle and sheep ranches or farms in the outback.

The city of Sydney has a famous building called the Sydney Opera House, where people can enjoy concerts and plays.

Day 9: Europe

Europe has more than 40 countries. Some countries are very cold and some are very warm. Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland are in an area called the Arctic Circle. These areas are very cold. Italy and Spain are close to the Mediterranean Sea and are warm countries. Europe has temperate forests. These are forests that have seasons and deciduous trees. Deciduous trees lose their leaves every winter. Europe has a lot of old castles. Some countries in Europe still have kings, queens, princes, and princesses.

Learn About North America

North America is made up of three large countries and lots of smaller countries. The United States, Canada, and Mexico are the big countries. Many small countries are in an area called the Caribbean Sea.

Parts of Canada and the US state Alaska are in a very cold area called the Arctic Circle. Parts of the United States and Mexico are desert land. The Chihuahuan Desert is the largest desert on the continent. A desert is a place that doesn’t get much rain. The Mississippi is a long river.
North America has temperate forests and coniferous forests. Temperate forests have seasons and deciduous trees. Deciduous trees lose leaves every winter. Coniferous forests are in colder areas. They have evergreen trees, which don’t lose their leaves in winter. Coniferous forests are also called boreal forests or taiga.

Learn About South America

South America has 13 countries. The Amazon Rainforest and Amazon River are in South America. Rainforests get a lot of rain. Many animals live in the rainforest, such as jaguars, monkeys, sloths, parrots, and toucans.

The Patagonia Desert is the largest desert in South America. It is in a country called Argentina. A desert is a place that doesn’t get much rain. The Andes Mountains is a very long mountain range. Mountain ranges have lots of mountains.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2014 JoanCA


Temisan Sanbene on June 04, 2019:

This is wow for me and my children.. very helpful, informative and educating.

Louis Mangan on July 23, 2018:

Age of the continents according to the Law of Entropy - Part 1:

Age of the continents according to the Law of Entropy - Part 2:

Tanzeela Rubab on April 11, 2018:

Marvellous..very help ful..i must share these things with my students

thank you on January 13, 2018:

vry helpful

Meihua Jiang on November 05, 2017:

I LoveThis!

sybol on September 27, 2017:

This gives good insight on teaching continents to preschoolers. I love the continents song.

Titilayo on August 30, 2017:

I can't fathom the knowledge to be derived from the information here. So informative and educative. My kids and I would benefit greatly from this.

Stella on June 27, 2017:

Wow Joan, you are a God sent. Children of Koforidua, a small town in Ghana are going to have so much fun learning about the world because of your generosity to share, We thank You

JoanCA (author) on March 16, 2014:

Thanks kerlund74.

kerlund74 from Sweden on March 15, 2014:

Exellent hub with great structure and suggestions, I would gladly try some of this with my kids. Voted up and useful!

JoanCA (author) on February 07, 2014:

Thanks VVanNess. This is something I made for my own kids because I had a hard time finding useful resources for younger kids.

Victoria Van Ness from Fountain, CO on February 07, 2014:

Oh, I love this! I taught first grade for seven years back in Texas. This would have been wonderful to have when I was teaching. :) Great article!

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