To Comply or Not to Comply—How to Handle a DYFS Investigation

Updated on March 17, 2017
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Matthew B. Lun is a New Jersey attorney practicing in the areas of family law, criminal defense, expungements, and gun permits.

What to Do if You're Being Investigated by DYFS or DCPP?

What to Expect from a DYFS or DCCP Visit

Anyone who has ever had to deal with DYFS or DCPP will tell you what a nightmare it can be. Typically it starts with a knock on the door and a seemingly innocent round of questions. Investigators can come across as very friendly and will generally try to make you feel like everything is okay and there is no problem or risk. But before long, New Jersey DYFS investigators or caseworkers will be demanding random checks, or private interviews with children. Depending on the allegations DYFS may demand you complete other services as well. These services may include:

  • urine screens
  • substance abuse evaluations
  • psychological evaluations
  • parenting classes
  • domestic violence counseling
  • visits to your child's school,
  • speaking with ex-spouses,
  • speaking with doctors, and
  • attempting to get you to sign releases for information.

As a New Jersey DYFS DCPP Defense attorney, the question I receive most often is:

Do I have to comply with DYFS demands?

I wish this question had a simple answer, but unfortunately it does not. On the one hand, when dealing with a DYFS investigation there is typically no court order requiring a parent to do anything for DYFS. On the other hand, if the parent doesn't comply with the investigation, the Division always has the power to go to court, or worse yet, remove the child or children from the home.

The goal with any out of court DYFS investigation is two-fold.

  • First, to keep the case out of court.
  • Second, to get DYFS to go away. Once a case goes to court it becomes much more complicated and, in turn, much more expensive.

How to Keep a DYFS Investigation Out of Court

Keeping an investigation out of court requires knowledge of the New Jersey law that applies to DYFS. There are statutes that require DYFS to take certain steps when an allegation of abuse or neglect is received. If an individual does not allow DYFS to complete there investigation, DYFS will likely go to court seeking what is known as an Order to Investigate. This can be avoided if you know a few key things.

The key to keeping a DYFS investigation out of court is to know what DYFS is required to do and what they aren't required to do in order to complete their investigation. I am surprised at how many people, including DYFS workers and lawyers, have no idea what these requirements are. For example, DYFS is required to interview the person alleged to have committed the act. If the person cannot be interviewed, DYFS will likely seek an order to investigate. On the other hand, DYFS is not required to obtain a drug test from the person accused of abuse or neglect. What this means is that if a person refuses a drug test, depending on the circumstances of their individual case, DYFS may not immediately rush into court.

If there is little to no evidence to suggest that the allegations are true, allowing DYFS to complete their investigation may result in a prompt resolution of the matter. If, on the other hand, there is significant evidence to suggest an allegation of abuse or neglect may be true, there may be nothing that can be done to prevent the case from going to court. In those instances it may be better not to cooperate so as to prevent DYFS from obtaining incriminating evidence against you. In yet another scenario DYFS may have strong suspicions of abuse or neglect but little evidence. In these cases they may push very hard for interviews, evaluations, and collateral information to build a case against you.

An additional thing to keep in mind is that it is possible to comply with DYFS without subjecting yourself to their services. For instance, DYFS may demand that someone complete a substance abuse evaluation. It is quite natural to have doubts about the accuracy and objectivity of an evaluation done by practitioners who receive funding from DYFS. A good attorney can negotiate the acceptance of a neutral third-party evaluation.

In sum, dealing with DYFS is difficult and tricky. I sometimes refer to DYFS investigations as a game of chicken, with clients trying to avoid the Division just enough to avoid having a complaint filed in court. Most caseworkers make the threat of litigation very prominent in their investigations. When an individual has never had to deal with such a threat before, the threat can have the coercive effect of making an individual submit to any number of services, some of which may be completely unrelated to the allegation that led to the investigation in the first place.

In sum, There is no easy answer to make DYFS go away and there is no simple answer to the question of whether or not an individual has to comply with their demands. Each and every case is unique. The best thing is to seek legal representation as soon as possible. A qualified DYFS attorney can give you advice on the best way to proceed based on the details of your situation.
It is crucial to keep in mind that every situation is unique.

The information contained in this article is for general information only and is not designed nor intended to be applied to any particular situation. This information is not provided as legal advice and should not be taken as such.


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      Sara 2 weeks ago

      Hire an attorney. Do not let them into your home or answer any questions, without an attorney. Even if you believe you have done nothing wrong, hire an attorney.

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      Michael 3 weeks ago

      Please stop not only spread poor misleading information, but also profiting from it. Folks, DCPP Policy and Procedures Manual is available online for all to see. It's not "Us against Them." Yes you have rights. Read the policy, and do NOT hire a lawyer. The folks at DCPP don't want your children but rather good outcomes for your family. He just wants your money.

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      sue blue 4 weeks ago

      Dyfs destroys families instead of helping them I found out first hand I believe they are a group that takes children away from their happy home and puts them where they really arent wanted the foster parent only wants the money they get for having the child I seen more abuse on a foster child then the parent with the drug or alcohol problem I believe dyfs is part of the deep dark web

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      Lynn 2 months ago

      I don't know if this is true or not. I was told that DYFS funding is based on the number of children they place in foster care. So basically they must make a quota......if that is true then some children are traumatized by this broken system! DYFS should be required to clearly state why they have come to your home and should provide printed material that informs parents of what is happening and what their rights are!

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      mara demion 2 months ago

      middlesex county dcp&p and new brunswick family court are corrupt as well they lie they make more and more false allegations and phone calls on you when they cant prove you have done anything wrong they also tamper with urine specimens and paperwork. Elna Montgomery a case worker and michael thomas lawyer for the division all lie in court under oath and these family court judges sit there and let them lie about parents and all events that take place in their cases. someone needs to put these people under tight investigation. They also obtain information by abusing their titles. they call doctors and schools without permission to gain your personal info to twist things and build a case to further their careers and to make more money the best interest of the child is not what they care about. so who is going to standup to these people ? when are they going to be punished for these illegal and corrupt acts of misconduct ? who is going to help the parents who dont have the financial means to bring these criminals in suits to justice and stop them from hurting these innocent families???? the state of nj needs to get with the program and start protecting citizens like myself. these people are destroying families and hurting these innocent children for profit. they scar these kids for life . im tired of no one caring about the corruption and abuse of power by the division.they have even went as far as forgery and when i called my local police they would not investigate. they have the schools and police in their pockets. they need to be sued , investigated, charged and put in jail where they belong. someone needs to make an example out of all these people and send a message that what they are doing and how they are hurting people is not ok. and that anyone who commits these crimes will face severe consequences. if anyone is willing to help or has any ideas about this please email lets do something about this. our children and families are suffering!!!!!!!

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      Luisa 4 months ago

      Hi I’m in need of a DFCS Defense attorney to get my 4 children home to me, they are claiming neglect because I waited 3 hours before I called the pediatrician for asking questions about my sons health. (Took him to Urgent care an hour later and he was released healthy, then 5 hours later we took him to ER for ticks movements which were apparently seizures) I’m in Alpharetta GA

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      Kathryn Kalb 4 months ago

      My son is having problems with DCF in Kansas! His two boys 5 and 6 shouldn't have been taken in the first place! DCF worker told my son we have a bunch of evidence on you! DCF said for abuse, and verbal abuse! They lied to get the kids removed! The case was closed with unsubstantiated findings! Before it was closed my son got a DUI, and the kids were with there grandpa which he had a no contact with the grand kids! All of it was a pack of lies on DCF part! They closed the case and took him to court on a Permanency Hearing, CINC! DCF subcontracted to St Francis said the Foster care walked in on the two boys kissing? The kids were taking on adult like behavior because they were asking when court would be, and when could they see there dad! Then they claimed the oldest wanted to commit suicide, then they said it was the youngest that said it! All lies! They stopped visit with dad! We went to court, and the judge said this was no Permanency hearing and wanted to hear from the old case workers. The lawyer told the judge they stopped visit, and the judge told my son you will see your kids today! The next week we went to court, and the judge said he didn't have any more information than before so he gave the kids back to dad! My son, and ex-husband was cleared on the prior charge but still had the no contact order on my ex-husband! I feel this whole mess is going to continue, and it scares me to death!

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      Fastereich meizen 10 months ago

      Ocean county dyfs and familly courts are corrupt my ex not even my sons mother called dyfs on me saying I drink and do drug's after numerous passed drug tests two psychological tests and a dyfs investigation which said zero grounds of abuse or neglect they still wont let me see my son. I had joint custody shared parenting time since his mother and I split ways and never missed a child support payment. Joanna curgliano and bianca bembridge are two cold horrible people my mother goes to visit my son at his mother's house and he begs to see his daddy where my daddy have you seen my daddy. When we went in front of judge russo he said he was obligated to do what dyfs says no matter what its the law. When I asked my case worker the bitch bianca about the paper sent in the mail to me saying zero grounds of abuse or neglect she said they send the same letter to everyone even if they do find grounds. How nice and not believable. Stay out of nj this whole state is completely corrupt they are horrible cold corrupt people absolutely shit. Joanna and bianca and nj dyfs are all going to hell there ruining people's lives for profit.

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      Shameful 11 months ago

      DYFS does nothing to help a child but abuse their power and control either the parent(s) or removal of the child. The Ocean County DYFS is so flawed and faulty I cannot understand how this is allowed. They have nothing but harassed an entire family and no matter how much anyone does comply the horror story just never ends! Ocean County DYFS also believes in false allegations accuses the parent is not at fault! WShat the real almost unbelievable horro is to give custody to a father who is a drug dealer who has been \evading the system any way he could and is gaining custody! Is DYFS blind or do they have a problem looking the truth in its eye? It is not a surprise how many children have been seriously hurt or even killed because DYFS is not doing their job! Shame on a system that is so flawed and faulty and should not be funded or receive a dime for hurting innocent children. Really??? Giving custody to a drug dealing father??? When the mother is clean and complies with everything? What is wrong here???

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      Maria 20 months ago

      In February my ex called dyfs on me making allegations that I was doing drugs. In March 2016 I've done my drug test and as well psychological evaluation. Everything was good but suggest I seek therapy and join an ADV meeting. In April 2016 my case was closed but still open due to my ex and Dyfs coming to my home once a month. In June my ex was still making allegations but due to my case was closed she suggested I do a hair test but I refused and they let me be. Again in August she suggested I do a urine sample because it's unfair that my ex is still being drug tested. Speaking to my therapist she suggest I get a lawyer for that isn't a reason to be test for and that she does her monthly visits and sees there is nothing wrong or going on in my home. Apparently I can refuse this drug test again. I feel like been harassed and picked on. What should I do??? Pleas help