How to Calculate Your Ovulation Period Using Your Menstrual Cycle

Updated on March 22, 2018

Ovulation is the phase in a woman's menstrual cycle when an unfertilized egg is released from the ovary and travels through the fallopian tubes and into the uterus. This is the stage of the menstrual cycle during which pregnancy can occur, if the released egg is fertilized by sperm.

I will explain how to use the length of your menstrual cycle to determine when you may be ovulating. I will also go through other ways of predicting and detecting ovulation, such as tracking your basal body temperature, cervical mucus, or purchasing an ovulation kit.

How Many Days After Your Period Do You Ovulate?

According to Ob/Gyn Dr. Tami Prince, MD, "Ovulation, which is the release of an egg from the ovary, usually occurs approximately 14 days prior to the next period." Count the number of days from the first day of your period to the day before you next period to determine the length of your cycle. Then subtract that number by 14 to determine what day after your period you will ovulate. If your average menstrual cycle is 30 days, you will ovulate 16 days after your period starts (30-14=16).

Important Note

Predicting ovulation is not foolproof, meaning there can be a margin of error in pinpointing the exact time of ovulation. Prediction can be off by at least 2 days.

An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.
An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.

How to Figure Out When You're Ovulating

1. Calculate the Length of Your Menstrual Cycle

  • Make a note of when your next period starts. This is the first day of your cycle.
  • Then, make note of when your period comes again in the following month. This is the beginning of the next cycle.
  • When you count the days in between, this gives you the length of your cycle.

Here's an example:

  • Period starts: January 1
  • Next period starts: January 31
  • Days in between (including January 1 but not January 31): 30 days. The menstrual cycle length, therefore, is 30.

You might want to do this for more than one month, as menstrual cycles can vary in length from month to month. This will also help you determine if you have an irregular cycle, in which you may skip periods for a month or more at a time. An irregular cycle will make predicting ovulation more difficult.

2. Calculate When Ovulation Starts

If you have a 30-day cycle, then ovulation will occur approximately on day 16 of your cycle. Ovulation occurs 10-14 days before your next period, so you will get an approximate ovulation date by subtracting 14 from the number of days in your cycle (eg. 30 days minus 14 = 16). This means that ovulation will occur 16 days after your period starts. If you have your period on January 1, ovulation will take place on January 17.

Use the chart below to determine when you're most likely to ovulate based on the length of your menstrual cycle. Find the length of your cycle in the left-hand column to see how many days after the beginning of your period you will ovulate and when you're at your most fertile.

When Does Ovulation Start?

Cycle Length (Days)
Ovulation Occurs
Most Fertile Days
22
Day 8
Days 6-8
23
Day 9
Days 7-9
24
Day 10
Days 8-10
25
Day 11
Days 9-11
26
Day 12
Days 10-12
27
Day 13
Days 11-13
28
Day 14
Days 12-14
29
Day 15
Days 13-15
30
Day 16
Days 14-16
31
Day 17
Days 15-17
32
Day 18
Days 16-18
33
Day 19
Days 17-19
34
Day 20
Days 18-20
35
Day 21
Days 19-21
36
Day 22
Days 20-22

How Do I Calculate My Fertile Window?

In a regular cycle, a woman's fertile window is the day of ovulation (usually 10 to 14 days before her period begins) and the five days before it. For an average 28-31 day cycle, the fertile window would be somewhere between days 14 and 17. Many doctors recommend having sex a few days before ovulation because sperm can live up to five days in a woman's reproductive tract and will already be present in the woman's body and be ready to meet the egg when it eventually releases.

What Are the Most Fertile Days After Your Period?

You are most fertile the day before ovulation and the day of ovulation. According to Dr. Hanh Cotrell from IVF Michigan, "Your fertile window is about a week prior to anticipated ovulation." So if you are trying to conceive, she recommends having sex every day to every other day during that week to give you the highest chance of pregnancy. You are not likely to get pregnant right after your period, although it can happen if you have an abnormally short menstrual cycle, in which ovulation could happen just a few days after your period ends.

Here's an example of your most fertile days for a 30-day cycle:

  • First day of period is January 1
  • Next period will begin on January 31 (30 days after January 1)
  • Ovulation will take place anywhere from January 17 to January 21 (10-14 days before your next period). These are your most fertile days.
  • You can have sex up to 5 days before this period and still get pregnant.

Can You Get Pregnant During the Luteal Phase?

It is very unlikely. The luteal phase occurs after ovulation when a woman's body stops releasing eggs, so it is impossible for sperm to find an egg to fertilize during this phase. However, an unfertilized egg survives up to 24 hours before dissolving, so if you have sex 12-24 hours after ovulation, there is still a small chance that you could get pregnant.

How Long Does the Luteal Phase Need to Be to Get Pregnant?

Your luteal phase length should be 12 to 16 days. It begins after ovulation and ends with the onset of your next period. During this time, progesterone rises and signals the growth and thickening of your uterine lining where the fertilized egg will implant itself and develop into a baby. If your luteal phase is shorter than 10 days, the fertilized egg will not be able to attach, and you will experience an early miscarriage.

For Women With Irregular Cycles

Keep in mind that women with irregular cycles may not be able to predict when ovulation happens because the length of their cycle varies month to month. It is possible for some women with irregular cycles to ovulate right after their period, though this is uncommon.

Other Ways to Detect or Predict Ovulation

Basal Body Temperature

Your basal body temperature (BBT) is your lowest temperature in a given 24-hour period, most likely early in the morning when you first wake up. Two or three days after you ovulate, your BBT should rise about 0.4 to 1.0 degrees Fahrenheit due to hormonal changes and stay that high during your period. To track your BBT, follow this step-by-step guide on how to chart your basal body temperature. Only tracking your BBT for one month will not help you predict ovulation as the temperature rise occurs after the fertile window. But by tracking your BBT over several months you can see patterns in your hormonal fluctuations, and then predict when you may be ovulating.

Ovulation Kit

An ovulation kit can be easily purchased and used to test your urine for elevated levels of luteinizing hormone just before ovulation. Ovulation kits can accurately predict ovulation 12 to 36 hours ahead of time, and unlike other methods, can predict ovulation during the first month of using them.

Monitoring Cervical Mucus

The consistency and color of vaginal discharge will change over the course of a month, due to hormonal fluctuations. Examining your cervical mucus can give you some indication of where you are in your cycle. Right before ovulation, your vaginal discharge will become clear and develop the consistency of a raw egg white. The last day you see mucus of this consistency is the day before or day of ovulation, when you're most fertile.

Cervical Mucus Stages

  • After Period (1-3 days): Dry
  • After Period (days 4-6): Sticky. You might find white globs.
  • Before Ovulation (days 7-9): Thick, white or cloudy discharge. Abundant.
  • During Ovulation (days 10-14): Clear, stretchy, and slippery, like raw egg white.
  • After Ovulation: Thick and creamy white or yellow.

Remember, you are most fertile during ovulation, so if you see clear slippery mucus similar to egg white, you are ovulating!

Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation

According to Dr. Kelly Kasper, an OBGYN from Indiana University Health, the extent of the following ovulation symptoms vary from woman to woman, but the majority of women will experience at least one of these symptoms as they approach their ovulation period.

  • As a woman nears ovulation, her body produces more estrogen causing the cervical mucus to become thick, clear, and stretchy, which helps the sperm swim to the egg that is released during ovulation.
  • Some women will experience breast tenderness or sensitivity due to the change in hormones before and after ovulation.
  • A woman may experience a heightened sense of smell in the second half of the cycle after ovulating in order to be more attracted to androsterone, a male pheromone.
  • A woman may experience light spotting or brown discharge, which is normal. When ovulation occurs, the follicle that surrounds and protects the egg can rupture and result in a small amount of bleeding. This blood turns brown as it gets older, hence why the vaginal discharge can be red to dark brown.
  • A woman may notice that her sex drive (libido) increases during ovulation.
  • Some women will complain of a mild ache or pain on one side of the pelvis during ovulation. This pain is known as Mittelschmerz, or "pain in the middle." When a follicle matures prior to releasing an egg, the follicle can contain a small amount of fluid like a cyst. When the egg is released, the follicle ruptures releasing the fluid causing an ache or pain. This discomfort can last for minutes or hours and often alternates sides each month. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can be used to help alleviate the pain. If the pain is persistent or severe, a woman should see a doctor.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

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    • profile image

      johneunice209@gmail.com 

      16 hours ago

      My mensturation started on the 8 of July and ended on the 11, when is my ovulation day 25days circle

    • profile image

      shaddydex22@gmail.com 

      10 days ago

      I saw period on June 3 when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Maris 

      2 weeks ago

      Pls I saw my period on 16 of my and on 12of June I come out when is my ovelation pls

    • profile image

      Agatha 

      2 weeks ago

      I want to know how ca

    • profile image

      I saw my 

      2 weeks ago

      I saw my on the 3rd of June pls when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Faith 

      3 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 1st of June please when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      OMO 

      4 weeks ago

      I saw my period on may 30.when will my ovulation be

    • profile image

      Charity 

      5 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 21 of may and just today 5 of June i saw blood that looks like period pls what may be the cause.thank you

    • profile image

      Happiness nne 

      5 weeks ago

      My period came today 4th June wen is my ovulation time plss

    • profile image

      Happiness nne 

      5 weeks ago

      I saw my period on d 14 pls wen is my ovulation time

    • profile image

      peace 

      6 weeks ago

      I shaw my period on 18 till 21 when is my ovulation period

    • profile image

      Dora 

      6 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 15 may till 17 may when will ovulate

    • profile image

      Maryjane 

      6 weeks ago

      I saw my period on the 23 of may till 26 when is my ovulation be for a baby boy or twins

    • profile image

      Chioma 

      6 weeks ago

      I starts period on the 17 may 30 days circle when am i ovulating

    • profile image

      Joyce 

      6 weeks ago

      I start my period on 8 when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Ruth 

      2 months ago

      Istart period on 4 April when I will ovulate

    • profile image

      Gloria 

      2 months ago

      I started mensurating on 11th April please when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      Leo 

      2 months ago

      I started my period on 20th of April and ended on 23rd of April. When will my ovulation start and stop

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Chizzy 

      2 months ago

      I started my period on the 24 and ended on the 28, when is the best time to have babies?

    • profile image

      Ivie 

      2 months ago

      My period started on the 22 of april ND ended on the 25th of April which is the best day for my twins babies ovulation

    • profile image

      Rachael 

      2 months ago

      Istarted my periods on 26th april,which is the best day to espect ababy boy?

    • profile image

      Blessing 

      2 months ago

      My period started on 23 of April and will end 27 of April when will my ovulation start pls 07061666250 my phone number pls help a sister.

    • profile image

      purity 

      2 months ago

      my period start on 6 of April when is my ovulation date

    • profile image

      Harry 

      2 months ago

      I am 21 days cycle. I started my menses on the 8th and complete on the 12th. Just had unprotected sex yesterday. Am I safe?

    • profile image

      Olivia 

      2 months ago

      My period started on the 1st of April and ended on the 5th of April and now am seeing it again on the 19 which is today that is after having sex (protected) with my fiance. Please is it normal....? (08101665755 case you want to send the answer via SMS or whatssap

    • profile image

      Phina 

      2 months ago

      Please my period starts on the 16th of April and ends on the 20th Wich is tomorrow.

      When should my ovulation begin

    • profile image

      I saw my period on 14 of February and on 15 of March but had sex on 20 of March can I be pregnant 

      2 months ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Peace 

      2 months ago

      Can i get my anwser on dis number 08023478602

    • profile image

      Peace 

      2 months ago

      My menses started on 8th of April nd ended on 12th April when should my ovulation begin?

    • profile image

      Mimi 

      3 months ago

      My menses started on the 9th of April so pls when should my ovulation begin?

    • profile image

      Victoria 

      3 months ago

      My menses started on the 4th of April and ended 8 of April when is my ovulation should begin

    • profile image

      Obianuju 

      3 months ago

      Please my menses started on 6 of april and end on 9 when is my ovulation date

    • profile image

      Cbabe 

      3 months ago

      Please my menses started on 10 of march when is my ovulation date.

    • profile image

      Sayo 

      3 months ago

      Started my period on 24march and ended 30march when is my ovulation day plz

    • profile image

      chinenyeobi75@yam.com 

      3 months ago

      Please my period is on 29 March and end 2 April my ferftile day started on 5 April which day is my ovulation for sex ,please l want twice baby boys please

    • profile image

      chinenyeobi75@yam.com 

      3 months ago

      Please my period started on 29 March and end on 2 April , please when is my ovulation day , for sex

    • profile image

      chinenyeobi75@yam.com 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on 29 March which day is my ovulation please

    • profile image

      Julietosinachi@yahoo.com 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on 4th march, which day is my ovulation day?

    • profile image

      Love 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period 2nd of April, when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Naomi 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on 15th this month pls when is my ovulaton coming out

    • profile image

      Joy 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on 22nd of march 2020 my period is till coming out now and have 21 days circular when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Rose 

      3 months ago

      My menses march 20 when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      mercy 

      3 months ago

      Period started by 18th of March...Which day is ovulation.pls calculate for me.

    • profile image

      monde 

      3 months ago

      I had my periods on 5 March when can I ovulate

    • profile image

      Chinaemerem 

      4 months ago

      Please my period started yesterday 15 , when am I going to ovulate

    • profile image

      Evenly 

      4 months ago

      My period start on the 6th of March 2020 when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      Mercy chigozie 

      4 months ago

      Please my period started on the 24th of February, when is my safe and unsafe period.thanks

    • profile image

      love 

      4 months ago

      Add Your Comment..I had my period on 8 February when is my safe and unsafe period

    • profile image

      Lucy 

      4 months ago

      I had my periods on 26-29 January when is my next period

    • profile image

      Yaa 

      4 months ago

      please I had my period on 19th February when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      gift 

      4 months ago

      my period started on 6th of February and when will i ovulate

    • profile image

      Purity 

      4 months ago

      pls my period started on. 13 to 16 February

      when is my ovulation.

    • profile image

      faith 

      5 months ago

      I started my period on 28januaty 2020 which day iwill ovulate

    • profile image

      Morgana 

      5 months ago

      I start my period 1to 4 of jun, am pregnant and the scan say my birth month is April ples is this good?

    • profile image

      Cynthia 

      5 months ago

      I start my period on 17 to 21 of January please when will be my ovulation

    • profile image

      favore 

      5 months ago

      please i started my period on the 1st of January to the 7th of January but i had sex on the 27th please will i get pregnant

    • profile image

      Victoria 

      5 months ago

      I saw my period 22 of this month ,when is it likely for me to ovulate, when will be my next fertile day to be pregnant

    • profile image

      Sandra 

      5 months ago

      I saw my period on 12 of jaunary 2020, when will my ovulation start.

    • profile image

      milka 

      6 months ago

      I started my period on 9th of january and i have irregular cycle so when is my ovulation happening? I have really tried to be pregnant but all the time it bounces

    • profile image

      Pristy 

      6 months ago

      How many days will you stay out of sex befor your ovulation and after your ovulation. For the

      prevention of unwante pregnancy

    • profile image

      Euphemia 

      6 months ago

      My period started on 29th of Dec please when will my ovulation start .

    • profile image

      Deborah 

      6 months ago

      I start my period in 16th of December

      When is my ovulation period

    • profile image

      Ifeoluwa 

      6 months ago

      Please I start my period on d 29th of November... please wen is my ovulation date

    • profile image

      adoma 

      7 months ago

      i saw my menturation on the 1 December and it ends on the 6 december what is my ovulation day

    • profile image

      Sarpong Rita 

      8 months ago

      Please i had my menses last month on the 5th October and had unprotected sex on the 26 October how possible is it to get pregnant

    • profile image

      joy 

      8 months ago

      pls I saw my period on 23rd,Oct and I have 25days cycle.so when will I start my ovulation

    • profile image

      joy 

      8 months ago

      pls I saw my period on 23rd,Oct and I have 25days cycle.so when will I start my ovulation

    • profile image

      Ella 

      8 months ago

      Pls i need an urgent reply i saw my period on the 17_19 of october but last month own been september was on the 18_20 when am i likely to ovaluate so that i can conceive for a baby girl/baby boy ..

    • profile image

      chika Franklin 

      9 months ago

      pleas I need you to help me calculate I need it urgently my menses started 8 October and stops 11 pleas when will I ovulate I want a baby boy ,but last menses was firs 1 sept.

    • profile image

      Angel 

      9 months ago

      I saw my period on 19th of Aug. also 19th of sept. When am i likely to ovulate please i need a baby boy.

    • profile image

      Esther 

      9 months ago

      I had my period on 3rd of septmber and end on 5th of septmber. When is my ovulation

    • profile image

      lilly 

      9 months ago

      I saw my period 27aguast now again 27 September

    • profile image

      KENNETH Gbemi 

      10 months ago

      I Started my period on the 8th of September and my period is 32day when is my ovulation time

    • profile image

      Maureen Okenwa 

      10 months ago

      I had my period on 9th of September and my circle is 32 days which day is my ovulation day and I want to have baby boy please answer

    • profile image

      Maureen Okenwa 

      10 months ago

      I had my period on 9th of September and my circle is 32 days which day is my ovulation day and I want to have baby boy

    • profile image

      Confidence 

      10 months ago

      l saw my menstruation on 23rd of August, when am l ovulating

    • profile image

      Anna 

      10 months ago

      I saw my period in 29july when will I start ovulation and free day pls

    • profile image

      Prisca 

      11 months ago

      Pls when next will i see my period , i saw the last one on the 24th of last month

    • profile image

      Blessing 

      11 months ago

      My period start 10 of July when is my ovulate starting

    • profile image

      11 months ago

      if my first day period is 7/7/...cycle about 32 days..I will start to ovulate at 24/7?

    • profile image

      Nadia 

      11 months ago

      My period started 21St July when and endede 27the July when I ovulated and when is, my fertility day's???

    • profile image

      Elodia 

      11 months ago

      I had my period on the 24th of June 2019 plz when should I expect my ovulation

    • profile image

      Sea 

      12 months ago

      My periods started 17july when do i overlate

    • profile image

      pam 

      12 months ago

      my period started 8july and ended 12july when is my fertile days?

    • profile image

      Favour 

      12 months ago

      My period started on 30 June when am I likely to ovulate

    • profile image

      Mhiz joy 

      12 months ago

      My period start on the 7th of july when am i likely to ovulate

    • profile image

      Elise 

      12 months ago

      My period came on 15th june and ended 21st,, but still cannot Figure out my ovulation date,,, because i met with my partner yesterday without a protection,, am i likely to get pregnant

    • profile image

      Ruth 

      12 months ago

      I had my Mendes 20- 26th June, when should I expect my next ovulation. what date is free for me to have unprotected sex to avoid pregnancy?

    • profile image

      Ify 

      12 months ago

      My period start on 31may end 4 june which day is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Agatha 

      12 months ago

      2019

    • profile image

      Mirriam 

      12 months ago

      My period started on 12 june when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Chy 

      13 months ago

      I saw my period on 19 may,but it came out on 15 June which is 26 days,& I want to conceive so fast ,I seriously need twins.please when will I be expecting my ovulation

    • profile image

      Bani 

      13 months ago

      My periods start on12 June when will i ovulate

    • profile image

      Esther 

      13 months ago

      Please i saw my period on 18th of May... When do I ovulate

    • profile image

      Queen 

      13 months ago

      Hi, I'm Queen my last period was on the 8 of may and I'm having weakness of the body and mood swing. What the reason?

    • profile image

      Ruth 

      13 months ago

      I started my period 27 may please when will ovulation start thank

    • profile image

      Hiral chaudhari 

      13 months ago

      M 32 years old.i hv two baby girl.second obe is 2month old.i want boy in future pls suggest me.

    • profile image

      MAUREEN 

      13 months ago

      I started my period 24 of may when will my ovulation start please

    • profile image

      Mercy 

      13 months ago

      Period started 28th May, when is ovulation going to start. Thanks

    • profile image

      Justina 

      13 months ago

      I started my period 22 and ended 24 wen i am ovulating

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