How to Calculate Your Ovulation Period Using Your Menstrual Cycle

Updated on March 22, 2018

Ovulation is the phase in a woman's menstrual cycle when an unfertilized egg is released from the ovary and travels through the fallopian tubes and into the uterus. This is the stage of the menstrual cycle during which pregnancy can occur, if the released egg is fertilized by sperm.

I will explain how to use the length of your menstrual cycle to determine when you may be ovulating. I will also go through other ways of predicting and detecting ovulation, such as tracking your basal body temperature, cervical mucus, or purchasing an ovulation kit.

How Many Days After Your Period Do You Ovulate?

According to Ob/Gyn Dr. Tami Prince, MD, "Ovulation, which is the release of an egg from the ovary, usually occurs approximately 14 days prior to the next period." Count the number of days from the first day of your period to the day before you next period to determine the length of your cycle. Then subtract that number by 14 to determine what day after your period you will ovulate. If your average menstrual cycle is 30 days, you will ovulate 16 days after your period starts (30-14=16).

Important Note

Predicting ovulation is not foolproof, meaning there can be a margin of error in pinpointing the exact time of ovulation. Prediction can be off by at least 2 days.

An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.
An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.

How to Figure Out When You're Ovulating

1. Calculate the Length of Your Menstrual Cycle

  • Make a note of when your next period starts. This is the first day of your cycle.
  • Then, make note of when your period comes again in the following month. This is the beginning of the next cycle.
  • When you count the days in between, this gives you the length of your cycle.

Here's an example:

  • Period starts: January 1
  • Next period starts: January 31
  • Days in between (including January 1 but not January 31): 30 days. The menstrual cycle length, therefore, is 30.

You might want to do this for more than one month, as menstrual cycles can vary in length from month to month. This will also help you determine if you have an irregular cycle, in which you may skip periods for a month or more at a time. An irregular cycle will make predicting ovulation more difficult.

2. Calculate When Ovulation Starts

If you have a 30-day cycle, then ovulation will occur approximately on day 16 of your cycle. Ovulation occurs 10-14 days before your next period, so you will get an approximate ovulation date by subtracting 14 from the number of days in your cycle (eg. 30 days minus 14 = 16). This means that ovulation will occur 16 days after your period starts. If you have your period on January 1, ovulation will take place on January 17.

Use the chart below to determine when you're most likely to ovulate based on the length of your menstrual cycle. Find the length of your cycle in the left-hand column to see how many days after the beginning of your period you will ovulate and when you're at your most fertile.

When Does Ovulation Start?

Cycle Length (Days)
Ovulation Occurs
Most Fertile Days
22
Day 8
Days 6-8
23
Day 9
Days 7-9
24
Day 10
Days 8-10
25
Day 11
Days 9-11
26
Day 12
Days 10-12
27
Day 13
Days 11-13
28
Day 14
Days 12-14
29
Day 15
Days 13-15
30
Day 16
Days 14-16
31
Day 17
Days 15-17
32
Day 18
Days 16-18
33
Day 19
Days 17-19
34
Day 20
Days 18-20
35
Day 21
Days 19-21
36
Day 22
Days 20-22

How Do I Calculate My Fertile Window?

In a regular cycle, a woman's fertile window is the day of ovulation (usually 10 to 14 days before her period begins) and the five days before it. For an average 28-31 day cycle, the fertile window would be somewhere between days 14 and 17. Many doctors recommend having sex a few days before ovulation because sperm can live up to five days in a woman's reproductive tract and will already be present in the woman's body and be ready to meet the egg when it eventually releases.

What Are the Most Fertile Days After Your Period?

You are most fertile the day before ovulation and the day of ovulation. According to Dr. Hanh Cotrell from IVF Michigan, "Your fertile window is about a week prior to anticipated ovulation." So if you are trying to conceive, she recommends having sex every day to every other day during that week to give you the highest chance of pregnancy. You are not likely to get pregnant right after your period, although it can happen if you have an abnormally short menstrual cycle, in which ovulation could happen just a few days after your period ends.

Here's an example of your most fertile days for a 30-day cycle:

  • First day of period is January 1
  • Next period will begin on January 31 (30 days after January 1)
  • Ovulation will take place anywhere from January 17 to January 21 (10-14 days before your next period). These are your most fertile days.
  • You can have sex up to 5 days before this period and still get pregnant.

Can You Get Pregnant During the Luteal Phase?

It is very unlikely. The luteal phase occurs after ovulation when a woman's body stops releasing eggs, so it is impossible for sperm to find an egg to fertilize during this phase. However, an unfertilized egg survives up to 24 hours before dissolving, so if you have sex 12-24 hours after ovulation, there is still a small chance that you could get pregnant.

How Long Does the Luteal Phase Need to Be to Get Pregnant?

Your luteal phase length should be 12 to 16 days. It begins after ovulation and ends with the onset of your next period. During this time, progesterone rises and signals the growth and thickening of your uterine lining where the fertilized egg will implant itself and develop into a baby. If your luteal phase is shorter than 10 days, the fertilized egg will not be able to attach, and you will experience an early miscarriage.

For Women With Irregular Cycles

Keep in mind that women with irregular cycles may not be able to predict when ovulation happens because the length of their cycle varies month to month. It is possible for some women with irregular cycles to ovulate right after their period, though this is uncommon.

Other Ways to Detect or Predict Ovulation

Basal Body Temperature

Your basal body temperature (BBT) is your lowest temperature in a given 24-hour period, most likely early in the morning when you first wake up. Two or three days after you ovulate, your BBT should rise about 0.4 to 1.0 degrees Fahrenheit due to hormonal changes and stay that high during your period. To track your BBT, follow this step-by-step guide on how to chart your basal body temperature. Only tracking your BBT for one month will not help you predict ovulation as the temperature rise occurs after the fertile window. But by tracking your BBT over several months you can see patterns in your hormonal fluctuations, and then predict when you may be ovulating.

Ovulation Kit

An ovulation kit can be easily purchased and used to test your urine for elevated levels of luteinizing hormone just before ovulation. Ovulation kits can accurately predict ovulation 12 to 36 hours ahead of time, and unlike other methods, can predict ovulation during the first month of using them.

Monitoring Cervical Mucus

The consistency and color of vaginal discharge will change over the course of a month, due to hormonal fluctuations. Examining your cervical mucus can give you some indication of where you are in your cycle. Right before ovulation, your vaginal discharge will become clear and develop the consistency of a raw egg white. The last day you see mucus of this consistency is the day before or day of ovulation, when you're most fertile.

Cervical Mucus Stages

  • After Period (1-3 days): Dry
  • After Period (days 4-6): Sticky. You might find white globs.
  • Before Ovulation (days 7-9): Thick, white or cloudy discharge. Abundant.
  • During Ovulation (days 10-14): Clear, stretchy, and slippery, like raw egg white.
  • After Ovulation: Thick and creamy white or yellow.

Remember, you are most fertile during ovulation, so if you see clear slippery mucus similar to egg white, you are ovulating!

Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation

According to Dr. Kelly Kasper, an OBGYN from Indiana University Health, the extent of the following ovulation symptoms vary from woman to woman, but the majority of women will experience at least one of these symptoms as they approach their ovulation period.

  • As a woman nears ovulation, her body produces more estrogen causing the cervical mucus to become thick, clear, and stretchy, which helps the sperm swim to the egg that is released during ovulation.
  • Some women will experience breast tenderness or sensitivity due to the change in hormones before and after ovulation.
  • A woman may experience a heightened sense of smell in the second half of the cycle after ovulating in order to be more attracted to androsterone, a male pheromone.
  • A woman may experience light spotting or brown discharge, which is normal. When ovulation occurs, the follicle that surrounds and protects the egg can rupture and result in a small amount of bleeding. This blood turns brown as it gets older, hence why the vaginal discharge can be red to dark brown.
  • A woman may notice that her sex drive (libido) increases during ovulation.
  • Some women will complain of a mild ache or pain on one side of the pelvis during ovulation. This pain is known as Mittelschmerz, or "pain in the middle." When a follicle matures prior to releasing an egg, the follicle can contain a small amount of fluid like a cyst. When the egg is released, the follicle ruptures releasing the fluid causing an ache or pain. This discomfort can last for minutes or hours and often alternates sides each month. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can be used to help alleviate the pain. If the pain is persistent or severe, a woman should see a doctor.

Comments

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    • profile image

      Bella 

      7 hours ago

      I saw my mess on d 28 of November

      Pls wen is b ovulation starting

    • profile image

      gloria 

      22 hours ago

      I have my menss on 22 am stop on 26 pls which day should I see my violation

    • profile image

      Lucy 

      4 days ago

      I saw my periods on 7th December which is the best day for me to concieve a baby boy?

    • profile image

      Pooja 

      5 days ago

      I have my menses on 9 th december so when will be my ovulation day

    • profile image

      Genevieve 

      5 days ago

      I saw my mess 8 of December 2018 so wen we be my Ovulation day

    • profile image

      Omolola 

      8 days ago

      I saw my period on 22nd of November, and am 30days circle,pls when will i see my ovulation,and date of my peak ovulation Y

    • profile image

      Wendy 

      11 days ago

      I saw my ovulation on 2nd november

      When is my ovulation .

      And please which date is the peak day of my ovulation

    • profile image

      Victoria 

      2 weeks ago

      I saw my menses on 3rd of October it end on 7th October when is my ovulation and fertile time

    • profile image

      Victory 

      2 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 27th of October i don't know when I'm ovulating

    • profile image

      Tochukwu 

      2 weeks ago

      l saw my period on 10 of Nov and stop on 14 please when will my ovulation start

    • profile image

      Adepa 

      2 weeks ago

      i had my last menses on 22nd october to 27th

      and i had unprotected sex with my husband on 1st nov, 2018. pls may i know if am pregnant

    • profile image

      Amina 

      2 weeks ago

      I start menses on 29 of October and finish on 1 November,so which day my ovulation start

    • profile image

      Mabel 

      3 weeks ago

      I don’t know when am free and when am ovaluting

    • profile image

      Nessa aikomienojo 

      3 weeks ago

      How can i know am ovulating

    • profile image

      ROSELINE 

      3 weeks ago

      i started my menses 18 of Nov. and finished on 22nd of Nov. pls when is it likely to be my ovulation? thanks as i wait your reply.

    • profile image

      akingboye charity 

      3 weeks ago

      i started my menses on the 18th of Nov 2018 . pls is it likely to be my ovulation time.

      thanks in advance.

    • profile image

      Unbeatable 

      3 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 9th November and it ended on 12th November which day my ovulation will start

    • profile image

      Anne 

      3 weeks ago

      hello, I missed my period in August then I saw it in September from the 2nd to the 6th, I missed it again in October now this November have seen it from the 6th to the 10th.

      whenever I make a pregnancy test it comes out Negative

    • profile image

      Gloria 

      4 weeks ago

      I had my menses on 30th to 3rd.. Please when is my Fertile and ovulation period

    • profile image

      Ifelove 

      4 weeks ago

      Thanks for the message.

    • profile image

      Nandhinisiva 

      4 weeks ago

      My last period 30th october.my cycle is 30days.how will calculate my ovulation day.pls tell me.im try to second baby

    • profile image

      Pulane 

      4 weeks ago

      I still don't understand how it works because my last day in period was 31st October so my circle is 22days so i wanted to know when will i ovulate and my fertile days

    • profile image

      Mj 

      4 weeks ago

      I saw my period on the 21st of October and ended on the 25th of October and I had unprotected sex on 10th of November is there any chance of getting pregnant pls I need an answer

    • profile image

      amanda 

      4 weeks ago

      hi im monitoring my cycle since Sept.

      i got my period the 19 September ended the 24th September

      then i got my period the 8th Oct. to the 13th Oct. meaning there was a 14 day difference

      then the 30th of Oct. i started bleeding again and it ended the 3 Nov.

      so thats a 17 day difference

      when do i ovulate if this is the case ?

    • profile image

      Ud 

      4 weeks ago

      My last period was on 11october pls when can i meet my husband for a baby boy

    • profile image

      adeola 

      4 weeks ago

      I had my period on the 9th of last month ,now it 12th of Nov I haven't had my period.

    • profile image

      Omotolani 

      4 weeks ago

      I had my period on 30 of september to 4Oct and came back on 25Oct to28Oct and i had an unprotected sex on the 8November is there possibility for me to conceive

    • profile image

      joy ig 

      4 weeks ago

      I have. try to get pregnant during my ovulation for some money now but no way

    • profile image

      Loretta 

      4 weeks ago

      Please I was expecting my menses on the 5th but it didn't come... I haven't had sex throughout .... But on the 8th I had unprotected sex and took a EC .... I'm confused... Can I get pregnant??

    • profile image

      EVERLYNE CHEPNGETICH 

      5 weeks ago

      MY MENSES BEGAN YESTERDAY 7TH NOVEMBER SO WHEN IS MY OVULATION

    • profile image

      Moon_rock 

      5 weeks ago

      If I only get 4 days do I ovulate after my period.

    • profile image

      Adwoa 

      5 weeks ago

      please my menses stopped on the 2nd November , when will I get pregnant.

    • profile image

      fr 

      5 weeks ago

      My wife period started 29 of Oct and finished on the 1st of November. When is likely be her ovulation day ighoese2016@gmail.com

    • profile image

      Edikan 

      6 weeks ago

      I had my menstruation on the first and t is ending on the fifth when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Ann 

      6 weeks ago

      I am on my period 31 when is my ovulation pls help me

    • profile image

      Sandy 

      6 weeks ago

      I had my period on the 26th ended on the 30th when is my ovulation day’s

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Salo 

      6 weeks ago

      I had my menstration on 28 October and finished 3 November .please how do I calculate and get pregnant because my danger period is from 16 to 28 of every mouth and had sex during that periods but still am menstruating please help me

    • profile image

      Mercy 

      6 weeks ago

      Thank u very much

    • profile image

      Excellent 

      6 weeks ago

      I saw my period on the 9th-13th of Oct,and I had an unprotected sex with my man on the 21th of Oct... could I be pregnant????

    • profile image

      opeyemiadelowo 

      6 weeks ago

      Good evening... Please help me to calculate my ovulation day for October ,November and December ... My last period started on 23rd of October and ended on 25th in a 25 day cycle. Thanks

    • profile image

      Nana Ama 

      6 weeks ago

      I had sex on the 13th of October n had sex on d 18th n 19th of October can I get pregnant?

    • profile image

      Sandra 

      6 weeks ago

      I had my menstruation on September 30and ended on 4 October when is my next period

    • profile image

      Nonye Hope 

      7 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 20th, ended on 23th when is my ovulation coming up

    • profile image

      Hope 

      7 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 20th this month, and it ended on 23 wen I mine seeing ovulation period.

    • profile image

      Melissa 

      7 weeks ago

      I start period was oct 7 and I end period oct 20 how long can I convince get pregnant ?

    • profile image

      Blesing 

      7 weeks ago

      I saw my period on the 10the and it ended on the 14th. I had sex on the 21th. Can I get pregnant?

    • profile image

      Chessnee 

      7 weeks ago

      Hannah,

      Your ovulation period should be from October 14th thru the 18th. But remember, there's still a small chance to get pregnant 5days before it starts so, technically, you had a chance of getting pregnant anytime between the 9th to the 18th.

      I hope that helps you out

    • profile image

      Charity 

      7 weeks ago

      I see my period on 11th OCTOBER and the last day was 14th and I had sex on 17th pls help me. I don't know if am pergant,and when is I expected to ovulate.

    • profile image

      rose 

      7 weeks ago

      I got my period on 13oct n stop on 15thoct.so which day I'm fertile plz 4aboy plz.

    • profile image

      Stella 

      7 weeks ago

      i see my period on the 13 of October so when am my ovulating?

    • profile image

      Brenda 

      7 weeks ago

      For the first time since I had 2 weeks menstruating, i consult and was to take my choice (FB) after taking 3 days it stops but I was taking 2 pills at the same time how many days will i count to conceive please help me

    • profile image

      Tallya 

      8 weeks ago

      I had my periods on 25th of September..so when will i ovulate...thnks

    • profile image

      Oluchi obi 

      8 weeks ago

      I saw my perido on 11 of oct when will I ovlate

    • profile image

      Chinel 

      8 weeks ago

      Please answer Hannah am having the same issue with her

    • profile image

      Hannah 

      8 weeks ago

      please I started my menses on the first of October and ended on the fifth of October and I know my next period will started 28 of October but my trucker has given me 30 of October so I don't know how to do the calculation of my luteal phase length will you please help me to do the calculation

    • profile image

      no edurh 

      2 months ago

      I had my periods on 29 September and they end on 4th of October and I hv unproctected sex on 14 October .how many chances do I have of being pregnant

    • profile image

      Tope 

      2 months ago

      I saw my period at oct 14 when i will ovlate pls tell me

    • profile image

      Hellen 

      2 months ago

      I had my periods on 2nd to 5th october 2018 and had unprotected sex on 10th october can i know if am pregnant please .

    • profile image

      favour 

      2 months ago

      my menses start on the 15 August and it last for five days and again on 15 of September pls how many days cycle do I have and when is my ovulation period, will it change from 15 to another date pls help me

    • profile image

      Joy 

      2 months ago

      What can cause someone period to be changing every month

    • profile image

      Aisah 

      2 months ago

      I hqd my period september 30 to october 7, and then october 12 i had sex with protection am i getting pregant.?

    • profile image

      Clara mensah 

      2 months ago

      Pls i saw my menses on the 13 october when am i ovulating

    • profile image

      rukiya yunusi 

      2 months ago

      I had my period started on 21. end on 24, I sleep with my on 30 and on first of October am I in

    • profile image

      Esther 

      2 months ago

      please I am having a problem with my ovulation _? i saw my period on the 28 of september to enter d next month and it ended on the 3rd so when will my ovul come? thank u

    • profile image

      esther paul 

      2 months ago

      I really need help in my own circle cause my ovulation s hard to indicate?

    • profile image

      Chidi 

      2 months ago

      This is good idea thank you.

    • profile image

      Karen 

      2 months ago

      Hey, I was wondering if this is normal. So I am 12 and I got my period 8 days before my 12th birthday(August 18). I got my period on August 10 and I ended August 19. I have not had it since and it's already October 4. The past 1-2 weeks there has been this white sort of substance come out of my vajayjay. I was wondering if that is my ovulation. I have also already searched this up since my period is late because I was supposed to get it at around September 15. It never came. So I did my research and I read an article and it said that late or irregular periods are most common to beginners(people who just got theirs[me]) and people nearing menopause. Please help. Thank You!

    • profile image

      sayuni Samantha 

      2 months ago

      I finished my periods on 18/092018 and I had sex unprotected sex on 23rd/September so I want to know whether am pregnant, thanks

    • profile image

      Priscilla 

      2 months ago

      Please I had my period in September 8th and ended on 11th .my period started just today 3th of October. Please may I know when I will be ovulating and getting pregnant too

    • profile image

      pooja 

      2 months ago

      I saw the period at September 27 when I vill ovulate plz tell me

    • profile image

      Nicole 

      2 months ago

      I had my periods on27 September so plz help me wen am I ovulating plzxx

    • profile image

      Irene 

      2 months ago

      I had my periods on 19 to 23 sept 2018 when can i get pregnant

    • profile image

      Kevin 

      2 months ago

      I saw my period on 13 when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      Nnenna paul 

      2 months ago

      I saw my period on september 11

      when will i ovulate

    • profile image

      Bevelyn 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on 19th of this month and it stoped 23 so when will i get pregnant

    • profile image

      Bevelyn 

      2 months ago

      I had my periodon 19th of this month when can i get pregnant

    • profile image

      Kemi 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on 13th of dis month ad nw am seeing it again on 25th of dis same month pls help me out

    • profile image

      blessing 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on 20 of this month and irrgular period please how do i knwo my ovulatio period this is confuseing .thank s.

    • profile image

      Claire villano 

      2 months ago

      My 1st day of period was last september 13 2018 then last september 23 2018 i had sex,am i able to get pregnant?

    • profile image

      muhozi yvonne 

      2 months ago

      i saw my period on 25 September what is my ovulation period ?

    • profile image

      Oluchi 

      2 months ago

      I saw my period on 15 of september and last 4 days and when is my voulatiom

    • profile image

      Priscilla 

      2 months ago

      My period was on the 19 September and it last 3 days whn is my ovulation?

    • profile image

      Bussy 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on d 9th of dis month nf my cycle is 28th days pls how do i calculate my ovulation its really confussion me, when is it d right time for me to hav preg. Bcos i want to fall pregnant can u pls explain to me,God bless u as u do

    • profile image

      Eze favour 

      2 months ago

      My period started on sep20th, when am i ovulating

    • profile image

      Patience 

      2 months ago

      My period started on the 8th September and lasted 3days when am I liking to ovulate

    • profile image

      AWULATU ABUBAKARI 

      2 months ago

      I really needs more education on this

    • profile image

      Serah 

      2 months ago

      Any group that can add me an educated me more about getting pregnant?

    • profile image

      joy 

      2 months ago

      i had my period on the 23 ad it ends on the 29 ad i had sex on the 19 is there a chance dat i can get pregnant ?

    • profile image

      Dee 

      2 months ago

      I started my period august10,nd ended it on 13th of august,can i get pregnant on the 29-31 of august?

    • profile image

      Lamiz 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on 4th September end on 8th September, and i had sex sometimes including day 14 of my period so when do i start my ovulation????

      My length cycle is 30-31 days which day i expect ovulation ??

    • profile image

      Funmilayo 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on the 5th to 9th of September...pls when do I start ovulating

    • profile image

      Chidinma 

      2 months ago

      My period start on the 16 of this month stop on 20th I want now My ovulation day please

    • profile image

      Chikaodi 

      2 months ago

      I had my perrio on 5th Septenber end on 10th Septenber, i do have regula, when do i have sex with my husband?

    • profile image

      eugene schola 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on August 13 and it ends 17th..I do have irregular though.when do I likely see it again

    • profile image

      Nathalie 

      2 months ago

      I had my period last teusday on the 8.i had sex with boyfriend this friday.is it possible for to get pregnant

    • profile image

      Elizabeth elia 

      2 months ago

      I started my periods on the 5th July and finished on the 11th when do I likely to ovulate

    • profile image

      I had my period on 13 of August and today been 15 of September I saw my period 

      3 months ago

      Bt i have 24-26 circle

      Can i b pregnant

    • profile image

      ezeanyagu mary 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on 24 of august and it ended on the 28 of august , pls what date can i get pregnant, or how can i calculate my ovulation date.

    • profile image

      mrs osas 

      3 months ago

      i saw my period sept 7 and it ended on sept 11,when is my chance of conceiving a male child.thanks

    • profile image

      Miss presh 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on sept8 and it ended on sept13,please when is my ovulation I need a baby so desprately

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