How to Calculate Your Ovulation Period Using Your Menstrual Cycle

Updated on March 22, 2018

Ovulation is the phase in a woman's menstrual cycle when an unfertilized egg is released from the ovary and travels through the fallopian tubes and into the uterus. This is the stage of the menstrual cycle during which pregnancy can occur, if the released egg is fertilized by sperm.

I will explain how to use the length of your menstrual cycle to determine when you may be ovulating. I will also go through other ways of predicting and detecting ovulation, such as tracking your basal body temperature, cervical mucus, or purchasing an ovulation kit.

How Many Days After Your Period Do You Ovulate?

According to Ob/Gyn Dr. Tami Prince, MD, "Ovulation, which is the release of an egg from the ovary, usually occurs approximately 14 days prior to the next period." Count the number of days from the first day of your period to the day before you next period to determine the length of your cycle. Then subtract that number by 14 to determine what day after your period you will ovulate. If your average menstrual cycle is 30 days, you will ovulate 16 days after your period starts (30-14=16).

Important Note

Predicting ovulation is not foolproof, meaning there can be a margin of error in pinpointing the exact time of ovulation. Prediction can be off by at least 2 days.

An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.
An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.

How to Figure Out When You're Ovulating

1. Calculate the Length of Your Menstrual Cycle

  • Make a note of when your next period starts. This is the first day of your cycle.
  • Then, make note of when your period comes again in the following month. This is the beginning of the next cycle.
  • When you count the days in between, this gives you the length of your cycle.

Here's an example:

  • Period starts: January 1
  • Next period starts: January 31
  • Days in between (including January 1 but not January 31): 30 days. The menstrual cycle length, therefore, is 30.

You might want to do this for more than one month, as menstrual cycles can vary in length from month to month. This will also help you determine if you have an irregular cycle, in which you may skip periods for a month or more at a time. An irregular cycle will make predicting ovulation more difficult.

2. Calculate When Ovulation Starts

If you have a 30-day cycle, then ovulation will occur approximately on day 16 of your cycle. Ovulation occurs 10-14 days before your next period, so you will get an approximate ovulation date by subtracting 14 from the number of days in your cycle (eg. 30 days minus 14 = 16). This means that ovulation will occur 16 days after your period starts. If you have your period on January 1, ovulation will take place on January 17.

Use the chart below to determine when you're most likely to ovulate based on the length of your menstrual cycle. Find the length of your cycle in the left-hand column to see how many days after the beginning of your period you will ovulate and when you're at your most fertile.

When Does Ovulation Start?

Cycle Length (Days)
Ovulation Occurs
Most Fertile Days
22
Day 8
Days 6-8
23
Day 9
Days 7-9
24
Day 10
Days 8-10
25
Day 11
Days 9-11
26
Day 12
Days 10-12
27
Day 13
Days 11-13
28
Day 14
Days 12-14
29
Day 15
Days 13-15
30
Day 16
Days 14-16
31
Day 17
Days 15-17
32
Day 18
Days 16-18
33
Day 19
Days 17-19
34
Day 20
Days 18-20
35
Day 21
Days 19-21
36
Day 22
Days 20-22

How Do I Calculate My Fertile Window?

In a regular cycle, a woman's fertile window is the day of ovulation (usually 10 to 14 days before her period begins) and the five days before it. For an average 28-31 day cycle, the fertile window would be somewhere between days 14 and 17. Many doctors recommend having sex a few days before ovulation because sperm can live up to five days in a woman's reproductive tract and will already be present in the woman's body and be ready to meet the egg when it eventually releases.

What Are the Most Fertile Days After Your Period?

You are most fertile the day before ovulation and the day of ovulation. According to Dr. Hanh Cotrell from IVF Michigan, "Your fertile window is about a week prior to anticipated ovulation." So if you are trying to conceive, she recommends having sex every day to every other day during that week to give you the highest chance of pregnancy. You are not likely to get pregnant right after your period, although it can happen if you have an abnormally short menstrual cycle, in which ovulation could happen just a few days after your period ends.

Here's an example of your most fertile days for a 30-day cycle:

  • First day of period is January 1
  • Next period will begin on January 31 (30 days after January 1)
  • Ovulation will take place anywhere from January 17 to January 21 (10-14 days before your next period). These are your most fertile days.
  • You can have sex up to 5 days before this period and still get pregnant.

Can You Get Pregnant During the Luteal Phase?

It is very unlikely. The luteal phase occurs after ovulation when a woman's body stops releasing eggs, so it is impossible for sperm to find an egg to fertilize during this phase. However, an unfertilized egg survives up to 24 hours before dissolving, so if you have sex 12-24 hours after ovulation, there is still a small chance that you could get pregnant.

How Long Does the Luteal Phase Need to Be to Get Pregnant?

Your luteal phase length should be 12 to 16 days. It begins after ovulation and ends with the onset of your next period. During this time, progesterone rises and signals the growth and thickening of your uterine lining where the fertilized egg will implant itself and develop into a baby. If your luteal phase is shorter than 10 days, the fertilized egg will not be able to attach, and you will experience an early miscarriage.

For Women With Irregular Cycles

Keep in mind that women with irregular cycles may not be able to predict when ovulation happens because the length of their cycle varies month to month. It is possible for some women with irregular cycles to ovulate right after their period, though this is uncommon.

Other Ways to Detect or Predict Ovulation

Basal Body Temperature

Your basal body temperature (BBT) is your lowest temperature in a given 24-hour period, most likely early in the morning when you first wake up. Two or three days after you ovulate, your BBT should rise about 0.4 to 1.0 degrees Fahrenheit due to hormonal changes and stay that high during your period. To track your BBT, follow this step-by-step guide on how to chart your basal body temperature. Only tracking your BBT for one month will not help you predict ovulation as the temperature rise occurs after the fertile window. But by tracking your BBT over several months you can see patterns in your hormonal fluctuations, and then predict when you may be ovulating.

Ovulation Kit

An ovulation kit can be easily purchased and used to test your urine for elevated levels of luteinizing hormone just before ovulation. Ovulation kits can accurately predict ovulation 12 to 36 hours ahead of time, and unlike other methods, can predict ovulation during the first month of using them.

Monitoring Cervical Mucus

The consistency and color of vaginal discharge will change over the course of a month, due to hormonal fluctuations. Examining your cervical mucus can give you some indication of where you are in your cycle. Right before ovulation, your vaginal discharge will become clear and develop the consistency of a raw egg white. The last day you see mucus of this consistency is the day before or day of ovulation, when you're most fertile.

Cervical Mucus Stages

  • After Period (1-3 days): Dry
  • After Period (days 4-6): Sticky. You might find white globs.
  • Before Ovulation (days 7-9): Thick, white or cloudy discharge. Abundant.
  • During Ovulation (days 10-14): Clear, stretchy, and slippery, like raw egg white.
  • After Ovulation: Thick and creamy white or yellow.

Remember, you are most fertile during ovulation, so if you see clear slippery mucus similar to egg white, you are ovulating!

Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation

According to Dr. Kelly Kasper, an OBGYN from Indiana University Health, the extent of the following ovulation symptoms vary from woman to woman, but the majority of women will experience at least one of these symptoms as they approach their ovulation period.

  • As a woman nears ovulation, her body produces more estrogen causing the cervical mucus to become thick, clear, and stretchy, which helps the sperm swim to the egg that is released during ovulation.
  • Some women will experience breast tenderness or sensitivity due to the change in hormones before and after ovulation.
  • A woman may experience a heightened sense of smell in the second half of the cycle after ovulating in order to be more attracted to androsterone, a male pheromone.
  • A woman may experience light spotting or brown discharge, which is normal. When ovulation occurs, the follicle that surrounds and protects the egg can rupture and result in a small amount of bleeding. This blood turns brown as it gets older, hence why the vaginal discharge can be red to dark brown.
  • A woman may notice that her sex drive (libido) increases during ovulation.
  • Some women will complain of a mild ache or pain on one side of the pelvis during ovulation. This pain is known as Mittelschmerz, or "pain in the middle." When a follicle matures prior to releasing an egg, the follicle can contain a small amount of fluid like a cyst. When the egg is released, the follicle ruptures releasing the fluid causing an ache or pain. This discomfort can last for minutes or hours and often alternates sides each month. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can be used to help alleviate the pain. If the pain is persistent or severe, a woman should see a doctor.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

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    • profile image

      Agatha 

      41 hours ago

      2019

    • profile image

      Mirriam 

      2 days ago

      My period started on 12 june when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Chy 

      5 days ago

      I saw my period on 19 may,but it came out on 15 June which is 26 days,& I want to conceive so fast ,I seriously need twins.please when will I be expecting my ovulation

    • profile image

      Bani 

      9 days ago

      My periods start on12 June when will i ovulate

    • profile image

      Esther 

      2 weeks ago

      Please i saw my period on 18th of May... When do I ovulate

    • profile image

      Queen 

      3 weeks ago

      Hi, I'm Queen my last period was on the 8 of may and I'm having weakness of the body and mood swing. What the reason?

    • profile image

      Ruth 

      3 weeks ago

      I started my period 27 may please when will ovulation start thank

    • profile image

      Hiral chaudhari 

      3 weeks ago

      M 32 years old.i hv two baby girl.second obe is 2month old.i want boy in future pls suggest me.

    • profile image

      MAUREEN 

      3 weeks ago

      I started my period 24 of may when will my ovulation start please

    • profile image

      Mercy 

      4 weeks ago

      Period started 28th May, when is ovulation going to start. Thanks

    • profile image

      Justina 

      4 weeks ago

      I started my period 22 and ended 24 wen i am ovulating

    • profile image

      Kasham 

      4 weeks ago

      I saw my period on 16 may last for 3days when am i ovulating

    • profile image

      benita 

      5 weeks ago

      my period came today which is May 17 when am I going to ovulate?

    • profile image

      Lawrencia Ataa Pokua 

      6 weeks ago

      I saw my menstral on 1st May 2019 so when am i going to ovulate

    • profile image

      Ndiuba precious 

      6 weeks ago

      My menstruation started on 21st and ended on 25th ,when am i to ovulate ??

    • profile image

      Faithia 

      7 weeks ago

      I started my period on 24 of April and I finished on the 29 of April ,please when is it likely for me to ovulate please

    • profile image

      Benita 

      7 weeks ago

      My period starts yesterday 3rd when will my ovulation starts

    • profile image

      Charlotte 

      7 weeks ago

      I period started on the 21 and ended on the 26 please when is my ovulation day I had sex on the 27,28,30 and 2 are mind pregnant

    • profile image

      Mary john 

      7 weeks ago

      My period started on the 8/04/19 and end 10/04/19.am i pregnant.

    • profile image

      Yolanda Rose 

      7 weeks ago

      my period started on the 11/3/2019 this month, and ends on the 13 same month, when will I start my next period? and when will I begin my fertile day for the when i receive my period this month

    • profile image

      Maduabuchi Vivian 

      7 weeks ago

      Am having irregular period,i saw my period on 29march and now am seen my period today 1st may,please when i am ovulating.is very important to me.

    • profile image

      Nancy J. 

      7 weeks ago

      My period started on 25 April and ended on 28 which day ovulation wil start

    • profile image

      Yuyu 

      2 months ago

      I want to add i have a 32 day cycle

    • profile image

      Yuyu 

      2 months ago

      My period was March 2- 8 and I had protected sex with my ex on the March 16

      With my current BF we had unprotected sex March 23,24,25

      I found out i was pregnant on April 6 and i got my first ultrasound April 22 they told me i ovulated by 10 days late and i am 5 weeks. Can someone help me out

    • profile image

      Brittany 

      2 months ago

      I had sex on December 3 but when i check my chart it say i was 2 week pregnant December 6th.. my last PEROID was October 30- november 5

      Ovulation days nov 7-16!! When did i get pregnant? The 6th or before that

    • profile image

      Ninna 

      2 months ago

      I had my period on the 27th last month nd ended on 1st April and had sex on the 7th day,could i be pregnant?if not when will be my next period?

    • profile image

      favour 

      2 months ago

      I saw my preoid on 4 april and ended 9 then I had sex on 14 of april and ovulate on 15 of dat same April can I be pregnant pls answer

    • profile image

      Tina 

      2 months ago

      My LMP was 7 of April end 10th of april.when is my ovulation nd when do I have sex.baby boy precisely

    • profile image

      Favour 

      2 months ago

      Pls name is favour last month my cycle was on 12 and this month is 7 pls when do i ovulate

    • profile image

      my name is nwaoma 

      2 months ago

      my menses came out on 28th March ,please when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Boma 

      2 months ago

      My last period was last muth 19 when is my ovulationday

    • profile image

      Keykey 

      2 months ago

      I started seeing my period after a miscarriage,started 27 of March ended the 1 of April when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      Philomena 

      2 months ago

      I saw my period on 21st of March and have sex on 1st of April, will I be pregnant?

    • profile image

      Rifa 

      2 months ago

      My period was on the 15rh of March. When is my next period and ovulation

    • profile image

      Grace 

      2 months ago

      My period started today being 30th of march,when can i get pregnant pls?

      Answer ASAP

    • profile image

      Maryann 

      2 months ago

      Today is the second day of my period. I don't know when the ovaltion will start .i want to get pregnant next month .Thanks

    • profile image

      melvin 

      2 months ago

      i started my periods on tenth and it ended on 15 and i had un protected sex on 27 can i get pregnant,,,,

    • profile image

      Igwechioma333@gmail.com 

      2 months ago

      My period ends today, it started on 24/3/2015. Ends today been 28.

      When should i have sex to conceive

    • profile image

      Nike 

      2 months ago

      Good day my period starts today what exact day can I meet my man and my ovulation day cos I want to conceive as soon as possible

    • profile image

      Gabriella 

      3 months ago

      Please my period will start by 28thday of march this month, when am i likely to ovulate and get pregnant,,, please i need answer fast please, i want to get pregnant. Thanks

    • profile image

      Martha 

      3 months ago

      I have been tracking my period and ovulation and we have been doing it but i still havent got pregant...

    • profile image

      Rathi 

      3 months ago

      I started my period on the 10th March and end it on the 14th when is my ovulation.and when can i join with partner

    • profile image

      Lee 

      3 months ago

      My last period was on the 12 Feb, and on the 5th March had an unprotected sex.I expected my periods on the 11th March but I’m 13 days late.Could I be pregnant?

    • profile image

      Fortune 

      3 months ago

      I dont know when i ovulate

    • profile image

      Stella 

      3 months ago

      My period started on day 7th and ended 12th of march pls when is my ovulation day?

    • profile image

      Nana Yaa 

      3 months ago

      My period was on the 28th of February and ended on the 3rd of March,when is my ovulation date and fertile periods

    • profile image

      fola 

      3 months ago

      i saw my menstration 15th of March and it will end 19th of March when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      fola 

      3 months ago

      i saw my period 15 of March and it will end 19th of March when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Amy 

      3 months ago

      I saw my february period on 7 last mnth then another one on 8 this mnth around 8:35pm and my length is 29days so when is my ovulation coming

    • profile image

      Chi 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on 8 of march 2019 by 8 :35pm when is my ovulation coming

    • profile image

      Kotochi fati 

      3 months ago

      I started my period on the 10th March and end it on the 14th when is my ovulation,my legth is 36

    • profile image

      Mamz 

      3 months ago

      Saw my period on the 3rd to 7th. When is my next period

    • profile image

      Gloria 

      3 months ago

      Last period 23 febuary. When is my ovulation.

    • profile image

      Cherry 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period from January 24th 2019 to February 19th .When is my next period?

    • profile image

      Catherine 

      3 months ago

      I saw my period on 1th February to 6th February and it start again on 28 February,is it ok

    • profile image

      debby 

      3 months ago

      l had My period on 14 to 18 when should l start ovulating and l don't have a particular date it changes

    • profile image

      Maria 

      3 months ago

      I started my February Messe on the 1st of February. 1st to 4th, now on the 28th of February I started another one still flowing. I hope is okay.

    • profile image

      Tunbukky 

      3 months ago

      I started the mensuration on 5th of February and I end it on the 8th of February,and started another one on the 1st of march,i want to know if its okay

    • profile image

      Oluwafolakemi 

      4 months ago

      I started the mensuration on 19th of February and I end it on 23rd of February, when is my ovulation period. But I use to see my mensuration after 22days to the last mensuration.

    • profile image

      Aminu 

      4 months ago

      we followed all the above mention procedures, but we still found it difficult to get pregnant. what assistance will you give us plsssssss?

    • profile image

      Mary 

      4 months ago

      About the calculation

      Would i start calculating the day i start period?

      A day after or the day period stop?

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Sup 

      4 months ago

      It took me 14months b4 I conceive

    • profile image

      Anita 

      4 months ago

      Jan 14 2019 i saw my period an it come agian 13 feb when can i get pregnant

    • profile image

      Popalzai 

      4 months ago

      I saw my period on 24 Jan 2019 and ends on 31 Jan . And don’t have protection.i have baby 12months .and give him milk . want to have a baby .plz guide me

    • profile image

      jackie 

      4 months ago

      i saw my periods on 31 dec 2018,and again 18/1/2019 and again 9/2/2019 which has comes very light but lasts for two days.. could it be i am pregnant

    • profile image

      Clever Okwe 

      4 months ago

      I saw my measuration on 8th February, when is my right day for ovulation. and process for having a baby boy.help please

    • profile image

      Princess Oly 

      4 months ago

      Pls I saw my period on the 17th of February. Pls help me and calculate my ovulation

    • profile image

      Blessing 

      4 months ago

      my period started on 21 of January and ended on 25 of January. when is my ovulation.

    • profile image

      Gifty 

      4 months ago

      How to increase your chances of conceiving Twins

    • Bilqis Nurudeen profile image

      Isabel 

      4 months ago from New York

      My question is I saw my period Jan 9 and last for 7 days, now we are in Feb I saw it Feb 6 also last for 4 days pls can anyone help me calculate d ovulation time

    • profile image

      Joy 

      4 months ago

      I saw my period on 30th of January please when is my ovulation please help come to calculate it please.

    • profile image

      gifty 

      4 months ago

      started menstrattion on 4-9 when is my ovulation and fertile period

    • profile image

      FAN 

      4 months ago

      This is very helpfull

    • profile image

      Behzad 

      4 months ago

      I saw my period on 24 Jan 2019 .when will be my ovulation?

    • profile image

      Haberts Sempijja 

      4 months ago

      Thanks so much this guide.

      It's really educative.

      Big up Dr.

    • profile image

      okeke Ifeoma 

      4 months ago

      i saw my period on 23 January and end on 28 when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      linda 

      4 months ago

      I saw my period on 17 january2019 and it end on 21 January ,when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Adejoke 

      4 months ago

      I menstruated on 3rd of January,2019 Buh I saw it again on 30th of January,2019 please when is my ovulation period,I need baby

    • profile image

      rods 

      4 months ago

      My menstrual starts on 22 January & ends on 27 January 2019 which days am i fertile to get pregnant

    • profile image

      Evelyn 

      4 months ago

      I see my period on 28 of December 2018 see it on 22 of January 2019 which is about 26 cycle so what is my ovulation day and most fertile days

    • profile image

      blessing 

      4 months ago

      I saw my period on 24 it ended on 27 when am ,when will I start ovulating,

    • profile image

      Jessica 

      4 months ago

      I don't know my period cycle my period start December 30,2018 and end January 4, 2019 i need help please

    • profile image

      Maikano 

      4 months ago

      I started period on the 24 and finished on the 28 in which days should i try to conceive

    • profile image

      uju 

      4 months ago

      my period ends on 20 January pls i went to know my ovulation day

    • profile image

      Taiwo 

      5 months ago

      My period is regular l always see my period every 20 of d month went is my ovlulation

    • profile image

      Taiwo 

      5 months ago

      My period is regular l always see my period every 20 of d month went is my ovlulation

    • profile image

      Aderemolu oluakemi 

      5 months ago

      I started my period on the16th of January 2019,when will I start ovulating and get pregnant.

    • profile image

      Sarah Joshua 

      5 months ago

      I menstruated on the 14-17 January 2019. When am I supposed to ovulate?

    • profile image

      Jassilia 

      5 months ago

      My period started last month december 23 and end 27 and start Jan 2019 on the 19 and end on the 23 when is my ovaluting period.

    • profile image

      Catherine 

      5 months ago

      my period start on the 22 January and will end on 26 January 2019, it, s a 24 cycle when do I ovulate pls

    • profile image

      Deborah 

      5 months ago

      My menses came on 19th January and ended at 23rd. When am I ovulating

    • profile image

      Arunga 

      5 months ago

      MY periods starts on 21 And ends on 24th January 2019.Its a 31 Days circle WHEN am i ovulating?

    • profile image

      happiness 

      5 months ago

      Add Your Comment. I saw my period on 21 january and end on 24 January when will i start ovulation ?

    • profile image

      Thelma 

      5 months ago

      I saw my period on 15th january and it ended on 18th january,when am i free and when do i start ovulating

    • profile image

      Marth 

      5 months ago

      i was off on the 14 january,i had unprotected sex on the 20 january,am i likely to get pregnant

    • profile image

      romoke 

      5 months ago

      I saw my period on 13th of January and end on 17th of January,when will I start ovulating

    • profile image

      Ada 

      5 months ago

      My period started today 20/1/2019 please when will my ovulation start please I need your help

    • profile image

      Aminat 

      5 months ago

      I saw my period on January 14, what day will be my ovulation day

    • profile image

      Precious 

      5 months ago

      My period started 2nd December 2018 and also start today 15th January 2019 when is my ovulation and how many circle do I have

    • profile image

      Chloe 

      5 months ago

      hi i saw my period on the 27 december and had sex on 6th january which was my 11th day can i get pregnant?

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