How to Calculate Your Ovulation Period Using Your Menstrual Cycle

Updated on March 22, 2018

Ovulation is the phase in a woman's menstrual cycle when an unfertilized egg is released from the ovary and travels through the fallopian tubes and into the uterus. This is the stage of the menstrual cycle during which pregnancy can occur, if the released egg is fertilized by sperm.

I will explain how to use the length of your menstrual cycle to determine when you may be ovulating. I will also go through other ways of predicting and detecting ovulation, such as tracking your basal body temperature, cervical mucus, or purchasing an ovulation kit.

How Many Days After Your Period Do You Ovulate?

According to Ob/Gyn Dr. Tami Prince, MD, "Ovulation, which is the release of an egg from the ovary, usually occurs approximately 14 days prior to the next period." Count the number of days from the first day of your period to the day before you next period to determine the length of your cycle. Then subtract that number by 14 to determine what day after your period you will ovulate. If your average menstrual cycle is 30 days, you will ovulate 16 days after your period starts (30-14=16).

Important Note

Predicting ovulation is not foolproof, meaning there can be a margin of error in pinpointing the exact time of ovulation. Prediction can be off by at least 2 days.

An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.
An egg moves from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, and implants itself on the uterine wall.

How to Figure Out When You're Ovulating

1. Calculate the Length of Your Menstrual Cycle

  • Make a note of when your next period starts. This is the first day of your cycle.
  • Then, make note of when your period comes again in the following month. This is the beginning of the next cycle.
  • When you count the days in between, this gives you the length of your cycle.

Here's an example:

  • Period starts: January 1
  • Next period starts: January 31
  • Days in between (including January 1 but not January 31): 30 days. The menstrual cycle length, therefore, is 30.

You might want to do this for more than one month, as menstrual cycles can vary in length from month to month. This will also help you determine if you have an irregular cycle, in which you may skip periods for a month or more at a time. An irregular cycle will make predicting ovulation more difficult.

2. Calculate When Ovulation Starts

If you have a 30-day cycle, then ovulation will occur approximately on day 16 of your cycle. Ovulation occurs 10-14 days before your next period, so you will get an approximate ovulation date by subtracting 14 from the number of days in your cycle (eg. 30 days minus 14 = 16). This means that ovulation will occur 16 days after your period starts. If you have your period on January 1, ovulation will take place on January 17.

Use the chart below to determine when you're most likely to ovulate based on the length of your menstrual cycle. Find the length of your cycle in the left-hand column to see how many days after the beginning of your period you will ovulate and when you're at your most fertile.

When Does Ovulation Start?

Cycle Length (Days)
Ovulation Occurs
Most Fertile Days
22
Day 8
Days 6-8
23
Day 9
Days 7-9
24
Day 10
Days 8-10
25
Day 11
Days 9-11
26
Day 12
Days 10-12
27
Day 13
Days 11-13
28
Day 14
Days 12-14
29
Day 15
Days 13-15
30
Day 16
Days 14-16
31
Day 17
Days 15-17
32
Day 18
Days 16-18
33
Day 19
Days 17-19
34
Day 20
Days 18-20
35
Day 21
Days 19-21
36
Day 22
Days 20-22

How Do I Calculate My Fertile Window?

In a regular cycle, a woman's fertile window is the day of ovulation (usually 10 to 14 days before her period begins) and the five days before it. For an average 28-31 day cycle, the fertile window would be somewhere between days 14 and 17. Many doctors recommend having sex a few days before ovulation because sperm can live up to five days in a woman's reproductive tract and will already be present in the woman's body and be ready to meet the egg when it eventually releases.

What Are the Most Fertile Days After Your Period?

You are most fertile the day before ovulation and the day of ovulation. According to Dr. Hanh Cotrell from IVF Michigan, "Your fertile window is about a week prior to anticipated ovulation." So if you are trying to conceive, she recommends having sex every day to every other day during that week to give you the highest chance of pregnancy. You are not likely to get pregnant right after your period, although it can happen if you have an abnormally short menstrual cycle, in which ovulation could happen just a few days after your period ends.

Here's an example of your most fertile days for a 30-day cycle:

  • First day of period is January 1
  • Next period will begin on January 31 (30 days after January 1)
  • Ovulation will take place anywhere from January 17 to January 21 (10-14 days before your next period). These are your most fertile days.
  • You can have sex up to 5 days before this period and still get pregnant.

Can You Get Pregnant During the Luteal Phase?

It is very unlikely. The luteal phase occurs after ovulation when a woman's body stops releasing eggs, so it is impossible for sperm to find an egg to fertilize during this phase. However, an unfertilized egg survives up to 24 hours before dissolving, so if you have sex 12-24 hours after ovulation, there is still a small chance that you could get pregnant.

How Long Does the Luteal Phase Need to Be to Get Pregnant?

Your luteal phase length should be 12 to 16 days. It begins after ovulation and ends with the onset of your next period. During this time, progesterone rises and signals the growth and thickening of your uterine lining where the fertilized egg will implant itself and develop into a baby. If your luteal phase is shorter than 10 days, the fertilized egg will not be able to attach, and you will experience an early miscarriage.

For Women With Irregular Cycles

Keep in mind that women with irregular cycles may not be able to predict when ovulation happens because the length of their cycle varies month to month. It is possible for some women with irregular cycles to ovulate right after their period, though this is uncommon.

Other Ways to Detect or Predict Ovulation

Basal Body Temperature

Your basal body temperature (BBT) is your lowest temperature in a given 24-hour period, most likely early in the morning when you first wake up. Two or three days after you ovulate, your BBT should rise about 0.4 to 1.0 degrees Fahrenheit due to hormonal changes and stay that high during your period. To track your BBT, follow this step-by-step guide on how to chart your basal body temperature. Only tracking your BBT for one month will not help you predict ovulation as the temperature rise occurs after the fertile window. But by tracking your BBT over several months you can see patterns in your hormonal fluctuations, and then predict when you may be ovulating.

Ovulation Kit

An ovulation kit can be easily purchased and used to test your urine for elevated levels of luteinizing hormone just before ovulation. Ovulation kits can accurately predict ovulation 12 to 36 hours ahead of time, and unlike other methods, can predict ovulation during the first month of using them.

Monitoring Cervical Mucus

The consistency and color of vaginal discharge will change over the course of a month, due to hormonal fluctuations. Examining your cervical mucus can give you some indication of where you are in your cycle. Right before ovulation, your vaginal discharge will become clear and develop the consistency of a raw egg white. The last day you see mucus of this consistency is the day before or day of ovulation, when you're most fertile.

Cervical Mucus Stages

  • After Period (1-3 days): Dry
  • After Period (days 4-6): Sticky. You might find white globs.
  • Before Ovulation (days 7-9): Thick, white or cloudy discharge. Abundant.
  • During Ovulation (days 10-14): Clear, stretchy, and slippery, like raw egg white.
  • After Ovulation: Thick and creamy white or yellow.

Remember, you are most fertile during ovulation, so if you see clear slippery mucus similar to egg white, you are ovulating!

Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation

According to Dr. Kelly Kasper, an OBGYN from Indiana University Health, the extent of the following ovulation symptoms vary from woman to woman, but the majority of women will experience at least one of these symptoms as they approach their ovulation period.

  • As a woman nears ovulation, her body produces more estrogen causing the cervical mucus to become thick, clear, and stretchy, which helps the sperm swim to the egg that is released during ovulation.
  • Some women will experience breast tenderness or sensitivity due to the change in hormones before and after ovulation.
  • A woman may experience a heightened sense of smell in the second half of the cycle after ovulating in order to be more attracted to androsterone, a male pheromone.
  • A woman may experience light spotting or brown discharge, which is normal. When ovulation occurs, the follicle that surrounds and protects the egg can rupture and result in a small amount of bleeding. This blood turns brown as it gets older, hence why the vaginal discharge can be red to dark brown.
  • A woman may notice that her sex drive (libido) increases during ovulation.
  • Some women will complain of a mild ache or pain on one side of the pelvis during ovulation. This pain is known as Mittelschmerz, or "pain in the middle." When a follicle matures prior to releasing an egg, the follicle can contain a small amount of fluid like a cyst. When the egg is released, the follicle ruptures releasing the fluid causing an ache or pain. This discomfort can last for minutes or hours and often alternates sides each month. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can be used to help alleviate the pain. If the pain is persistent or severe, a woman should see a doctor.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

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    • profile image

      Julietosinachi@yahoo.com 

      35 hours ago

      I saw my period on 4th march, which day is my ovulation day?

    • profile image

      Love 

      43 hours ago

      I saw my period 2nd of April, when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Naomi 

      3 days ago

      I saw my period on 15th this month pls when is my ovulaton coming out

    • profile image

      Joy 

      6 days ago

      I saw my period on 22nd of march 2020 my period is till coming out now and have 21 days circular when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Rose 

      12 days ago

      My menses march 20 when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      mercy 

      12 days ago

      Period started by 18th of March...Which day is ovulation.pls calculate for me.

    • profile image

      monde 

      2 weeks ago

      I had my periods on 5 March when can I ovulate

    • profile image

      Chinaemerem 

      2 weeks ago

      Please my period started yesterday 15 , when am I going to ovulate

    • profile image

      Evenly 

      3 weeks ago

      My period start on the 6th of March 2020 when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      Mercy chigozie 

      4 weeks ago

      Please my period started on the 24th of February, when is my safe and unsafe period.thanks

    • profile image

      love 

      4 weeks ago

      Add Your Comment..I had my period on 8 February when is my safe and unsafe period

    • profile image

      Lucy 

      5 weeks ago

      I had my periods on 26-29 January when is my next period

    • profile image

      Yaa 

      5 weeks ago

      please I had my period on 19th February when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      gift 

      6 weeks ago

      my period started on 6th of February and when will i ovulate

    • profile image

      Purity 

      6 weeks ago

      pls my period started on. 13 to 16 February

      when is my ovulation.

    • profile image

      faith 

      8 weeks ago

      I started my period on 28januaty 2020 which day iwill ovulate

    • profile image

      Morgana 

      2 months ago

      I start my period 1to 4 of jun, am pregnant and the scan say my birth month is April ples is this good?

    • profile image

      Cynthia 

      2 months ago

      I start my period on 17 to 21 of January please when will be my ovulation

    • profile image

      favore 

      2 months ago

      please i started my period on the 1st of January to the 7th of January but i had sex on the 27th please will i get pregnant

    • profile image

      Victoria 

      2 months ago

      I saw my period 22 of this month ,when is it likely for me to ovulate, when will be my next fertile day to be pregnant

    • profile image

      Sandra 

      2 months ago

      I saw my period on 12 of jaunary 2020, when will my ovulation start.

    • profile image

      milka 

      2 months ago

      I started my period on 9th of january and i have irregular cycle so when is my ovulation happening? I have really tried to be pregnant but all the time it bounces

    • profile image

      Pristy 

      2 months ago

      How many days will you stay out of sex befor your ovulation and after your ovulation. For the

      prevention of unwante pregnancy

    • profile image

      Euphemia 

      3 months ago

      My period started on 29th of Dec please when will my ovulation start .

    • profile image

      Deborah 

      3 months ago

      I start my period in 16th of December

      When is my ovulation period

    • profile image

      Ifeoluwa 

      3 months ago

      Please I start my period on d 29th of November... please wen is my ovulation date

    • profile image

      adoma 

      3 months ago

      i saw my menturation on the 1 December and it ends on the 6 december what is my ovulation day

    • profile image

      Sarpong Rita 

      5 months ago

      Please i had my menses last month on the 5th October and had unprotected sex on the 26 October how possible is it to get pregnant

    • profile image

      joy 

      5 months ago

      pls I saw my period on 23rd,Oct and I have 25days cycle.so when will I start my ovulation

    • profile image

      joy 

      5 months ago

      pls I saw my period on 23rd,Oct and I have 25days cycle.so when will I start my ovulation

    • profile image

      Ella 

      5 months ago

      Pls i need an urgent reply i saw my period on the 17_19 of october but last month own been september was on the 18_20 when am i likely to ovaluate so that i can conceive for a baby girl/baby boy ..

    • profile image

      chika Franklin 

      5 months ago

      pleas I need you to help me calculate I need it urgently my menses started 8 October and stops 11 pleas when will I ovulate I want a baby boy ,but last menses was firs 1 sept.

    • profile image

      Angel 

      6 months ago

      I saw my period on 19th of Aug. also 19th of sept. When am i likely to ovulate please i need a baby boy.

    • profile image

      Esther 

      6 months ago

      I had my period on 3rd of septmber and end on 5th of septmber. When is my ovulation

    • profile image

      lilly 

      6 months ago

      I saw my period 27aguast now again 27 September

    • profile image

      KENNETH Gbemi 

      6 months ago

      I Started my period on the 8th of September and my period is 32day when is my ovulation time

    • profile image

      Maureen Okenwa 

      6 months ago

      I had my period on 9th of September and my circle is 32 days which day is my ovulation day and I want to have baby boy please answer

    • profile image

      Maureen Okenwa 

      6 months ago

      I had my period on 9th of September and my circle is 32 days which day is my ovulation day and I want to have baby boy

    • profile image

      Confidence 

      7 months ago

      l saw my menstruation on 23rd of August, when am l ovulating

    • profile image

      Anna 

      7 months ago

      I saw my period in 29july when will I start ovulation and free day pls

    • profile image

      Prisca 

      7 months ago

      Pls when next will i see my period , i saw the last one on the 24th of last month

    • profile image

      Blessing 

      8 months ago

      My period start 10 of July when is my ovulate starting

    • profile image

      8 months ago

      if my first day period is 7/7/...cycle about 32 days..I will start to ovulate at 24/7?

    • profile image

      Nadia 

      8 months ago

      My period started 21St July when and endede 27the July when I ovulated and when is, my fertility day's???

    • profile image

      Elodia 

      8 months ago

      I had my period on the 24th of June 2019 plz when should I expect my ovulation

    • profile image

      Sea 

      8 months ago

      My periods started 17july when do i overlate

    • profile image

      pam 

      8 months ago

      my period started 8july and ended 12july when is my fertile days?

    • profile image

      Favour 

      8 months ago

      My period started on 30 June when am I likely to ovulate

    • profile image

      Mhiz joy 

      9 months ago

      My period start on the 7th of july when am i likely to ovulate

    • profile image

      Elise 

      9 months ago

      My period came on 15th june and ended 21st,, but still cannot Figure out my ovulation date,,, because i met with my partner yesterday without a protection,, am i likely to get pregnant

    • profile image

      Ruth 

      9 months ago

      I had my Mendes 20- 26th June, when should I expect my next ovulation. what date is free for me to have unprotected sex to avoid pregnancy?

    • profile image

      Ify 

      9 months ago

      My period start on 31may end 4 june which day is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Agatha 

      9 months ago

      2019

    • profile image

      Mirriam 

      9 months ago

      My period started on 12 june when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Chy 

      9 months ago

      I saw my period on 19 may,but it came out on 15 June which is 26 days,& I want to conceive so fast ,I seriously need twins.please when will I be expecting my ovulation

    • profile image

      Bani 

      9 months ago

      My periods start on12 June when will i ovulate

    • profile image

      Esther 

      10 months ago

      Please i saw my period on 18th of May... When do I ovulate

    • profile image

      Queen 

      10 months ago

      Hi, I'm Queen my last period was on the 8 of may and I'm having weakness of the body and mood swing. What the reason?

    • profile image

      Ruth 

      10 months ago

      I started my period 27 may please when will ovulation start thank

    • profile image

      Hiral chaudhari 

      10 months ago

      M 32 years old.i hv two baby girl.second obe is 2month old.i want boy in future pls suggest me.

    • profile image

      MAUREEN 

      10 months ago

      I started my period 24 of may when will my ovulation start please

    • profile image

      Mercy 

      10 months ago

      Period started 28th May, when is ovulation going to start. Thanks

    • profile image

      Justina 

      10 months ago

      I started my period 22 and ended 24 wen i am ovulating

    • profile image

      Kasham 

      10 months ago

      I saw my period on 16 may last for 3days when am i ovulating

    • profile image

      benita 

      10 months ago

      my period came today which is May 17 when am I going to ovulate?

    • profile image

      Lawrencia Ataa Pokua 

      10 months ago

      I saw my menstral on 1st May 2019 so when am i going to ovulate

    • profile image

      Ndiuba precious 

      10 months ago

      My menstruation started on 21st and ended on 25th ,when am i to ovulate ??

    • profile image

      Faithia 

      11 months ago

      I started my period on 24 of April and I finished on the 29 of April ,please when is it likely for me to ovulate please

    • profile image

      Benita 

      11 months ago

      My period starts yesterday 3rd when will my ovulation starts

    • profile image

      Charlotte 

      11 months ago

      I period started on the 21 and ended on the 26 please when is my ovulation day I had sex on the 27,28,30 and 2 are mind pregnant

    • profile image

      Mary john 

      11 months ago

      My period started on the 8/04/19 and end 10/04/19.am i pregnant.

    • profile image

      Yolanda Rose 

      11 months ago

      my period started on the 11/3/2019 this month, and ends on the 13 same month, when will I start my next period? and when will I begin my fertile day for the when i receive my period this month

    • profile image

      Maduabuchi Vivian 

      11 months ago

      Am having irregular period,i saw my period on 29march and now am seen my period today 1st may,please when i am ovulating.is very important to me.

    • profile image

      Nancy J. 

      11 months ago

      My period started on 25 April and ended on 28 which day ovulation wil start

    • profile image

      Yuyu 

      11 months ago

      I want to add i have a 32 day cycle

    • profile image

      Yuyu 

      11 months ago

      My period was March 2- 8 and I had protected sex with my ex on the March 16

      With my current BF we had unprotected sex March 23,24,25

      I found out i was pregnant on April 6 and i got my first ultrasound April 22 they told me i ovulated by 10 days late and i am 5 weeks. Can someone help me out

    • profile image

      Brittany 

      11 months ago

      I had sex on December 3 but when i check my chart it say i was 2 week pregnant December 6th.. my last PEROID was October 30- november 5

      Ovulation days nov 7-16!! When did i get pregnant? The 6th or before that

    • profile image

      Ninna 

      11 months ago

      I had my period on the 27th last month nd ended on 1st April and had sex on the 7th day,could i be pregnant?if not when will be my next period?

    • profile image

      favour 

      11 months ago

      I saw my preoid on 4 april and ended 9 then I had sex on 14 of april and ovulate on 15 of dat same April can I be pregnant pls answer

    • profile image

      Tina 

      11 months ago

      My LMP was 7 of April end 10th of april.when is my ovulation nd when do I have sex.baby boy precisely

    • profile image

      Favour 

      11 months ago

      Pls name is favour last month my cycle was on 12 and this month is 7 pls when do i ovulate

    • profile image

      my name is nwaoma 

      12 months ago

      my menses came out on 28th March ,please when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      Boma 

      12 months ago

      My last period was last muth 19 when is my ovulationday

    • profile image

      Keykey 

      12 months ago

      I started seeing my period after a miscarriage,started 27 of March ended the 1 of April when will I ovulate

    • profile image

      Philomena 

      12 months ago

      I saw my period on 21st of March and have sex on 1st of April, will I be pregnant?

    • profile image

      Rifa 

      12 months ago

      My period was on the 15rh of March. When is my next period and ovulation

    • profile image

      Grace 

      12 months ago

      My period started today being 30th of march,when can i get pregnant pls?

      Answer ASAP

    • profile image

      Maryann 

      12 months ago

      Today is the second day of my period. I don't know when the ovaltion will start .i want to get pregnant next month .Thanks

    • profile image

      melvin 

      12 months ago

      i started my periods on tenth and it ended on 15 and i had un protected sex on 27 can i get pregnant,,,,

    • profile image

      Igwechioma333@gmail.com 

      12 months ago

      My period ends today, it started on 24/3/2015. Ends today been 28.

      When should i have sex to conceive

    • profile image

      Nike 

      12 months ago

      Good day my period starts today what exact day can I meet my man and my ovulation day cos I want to conceive as soon as possible

    • profile image

      Gabriella 

      12 months ago

      Please my period will start by 28thday of march this month, when am i likely to ovulate and get pregnant,,, please i need answer fast please, i want to get pregnant. Thanks

    • profile image

      Martha 

      12 months ago

      I have been tracking my period and ovulation and we have been doing it but i still havent got pregant...

    • profile image

      Rathi 

      12 months ago

      I started my period on the 10th March and end it on the 14th when is my ovulation.and when can i join with partner

    • profile image

      Lee 

      12 months ago

      My last period was on the 12 Feb, and on the 5th March had an unprotected sex.I expected my periods on the 11th March but I’m 13 days late.Could I be pregnant?

    • profile image

      Fortune 

      12 months ago

      I dont know when i ovulate

    • profile image

      Stella 

      12 months ago

      My period started on day 7th and ended 12th of march pls when is my ovulation day?

    • profile image

      Nana Yaa 

      12 months ago

      My period was on the 28th of February and ended on the 3rd of March,when is my ovulation date and fertile periods

    • profile image

      fola 

      12 months ago

      i saw my menstration 15th of March and it will end 19th of March when is my ovulation

    • profile image

      fola 

      12 months ago

      i saw my period 15 of March and it will end 19th of March when is my ovulation

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