How to Encourage a Late-Talking Toddler to Speak

Updated on July 13, 2017
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At your child’s 18-month check-up, or even before, your pediatrician will start asking what words you toddler is saying. It can be frustrating as a parent if that answer is, “none.” Some doctors will recommend a speech evaluation at this age, or wait until they are two and reevaluate. Many otherwise healthy children end up with a speech delay, and it can happen for a variety of reasons. In most cases, babies who are late talkers end up speaking just fine within the coming years. If your baby is not talking yet, however, there are some simple things you can do at home to encourage them.

Common Reasons for Delayed Speech in Babies

A speech delay in children can be caused by many health and environmental factors. Hearing problems are a big factor in speech delay. Many parents don’t realize their child has any kind of hearing impairment until they don’t start talking on time. Other times, health problems like excessive ear infections or fluid buildup can cause temporary hearing loss and cause things to sound muffled. This was the case with my daughter with a speech delay—after 9 ear infections in 6 months, she had tubes placed in her ears, which has helped with hearing and allowed her to make progress speaking.

In many cases, the child simply is not interested or has no need to talk yet. If they can communicate just fine using signs, shaking their head, or by pointing, they might not make the extra effort just yet to speak. It is also not uncommon for younger siblings to talk later than their older siblings did. When the bigger kids “wait” on them and understand their signs, they stay in their comfort zone and feel no need to talk.

In other instances, speech delay can be a sign of an intellectual or socio-emotional disability. This is why it is important to get your child checked by their doctor to determine if there are any other missing pieces to the puzzle.

Whatever the reason, there are some simple changes and activities that you can do at home that may benefit a late talking child. Implement them one at a time. If a strategy is working, keep doing it while gradually adding the others. If you’ve tried one for a few weeks and still aren’t seeing any results, move on and try another one. Never pressure or scold your child in case they are not catching on to any of these. Always use positive reinforcement, and offer plenty of praise when they do make an effort to speak.

Strategies to Develop Speech in Late-Talkers

Reading Books Together

Reading together with your children is good for them no matter what age they are, and whether or not they are suffering from any kind of disability or delay. Babies and toddlers probably won’t stay on one page for too long. They may even insist on holding the book upside down! At this point, the goal should not be finishing the story or reading all of the text, but engaging their interest and encouraging them to communicate about what they are experiencing. When they point to different things on the pages, emphatically name what they are looking at. Say “Ball, you found the ball!” Or “cow, moooo.” Don’t force them to read if they don’t want to, but try to have books available to look at in your home.

Sing and Act Out Songs

Songs trigger memory and an emotional connection. Have you ever heard a song from your childhood and instantly remembered that time in your life? Singing songs like “Head, Shoulder, Knees and Toes” while standing up and pointing to each body part can reinforce their memory of how to make those sounds. Many late talkers will understand perfectly when you say “point to your nose” or “show me your hand,” but need some extra encouragement to remember how to make the sounds to say those words.

Playing music CD’s or videos with children’s songs is great, but it is even better if you can actually sing to your child. They won’t care if you’re not a first-class singer. They will appreciate the one on one time and are more likely to remember songs when they are sung to directly.

"Head, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes"

Narrate What You Are Doing

This is referred to as “self-talk” or “parallel talk.” In the present tense, talk to your child about what you are doing. Say “Mommy is cooking dinner” or “Mommy is eating a red apple; it is so juicy and delicious!” Parallel talk is the same concept, but narrating what your child is doing. You can say “You fell down, ouch!” or “You’re taking a bath, splish splash!”

Self-talk and parallel talk should be done naturally—they should not be forced. You don’t need to talk all day long about what you are doing, and you don’t need to take your child away from something they’re already playing so they’ll pay attention to you. This strategy is just to give them more exposure to words and labels of everything objects and activities around them. When in doubt, follow their lead. If they’re already concentrating on another toy, let them keep playing with it and just talk about it together.

Choose a “Word of the Day”

I have had some great success with this one. I will choose a word that I make a point to repeat often throughout the day (in context, of course). Short, easy words, or names of people in our household have worked best. “Words of the day” in our house have included water, ball, cat, and the names of siblings. When you are saying the word, repeat it slowly several times and make sure you are making eye contact with your child when you are speaking.

Reinforce the word of focus by gently encouraging them to say it, too. When playing with a ball, for example, if your child is gesturing that they want the ball back, pretend as if you don’t know what it is they want. Sometimes this will prompt them to speak. If after a minute they get frustrated, continue playing.

Focusing on repeating simple words can be a good start for encouraging speech.

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Do Puzzles Together

Puzzles encourage problem solving. With my older child, I have seen that working on puzzles or playing other strategic games improves their abilities in other areas. Puzzles in and of themselves don’t directly promote speech, but they get their brains working in different ways.

When doing puzzles, use self-talk and parallel talk. Say out loud, “Oh, this piece doesn’t go here, maybe if I turn it….” Whatever the puzzle is about, talk about that. If the puzzle is of the ABC’s, animals, cars, etc. name each letter or object as you work on the puzzle.

Puzzles are a great way to encourage critical thinking and prompt verbal communication.

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Imitate Animal Sounds

Environmental sounds are often the gateway into real speech. Many babies will say “moo,” “bow-wow,” “meow,” or “baa” before even saying “Mommy” or “Daddy.” The same goes for “vroom” for a car or “choo-choo” for a train.

If your child is taking a while to get started talking, try focusing first on some environmental noises. You can read board books that have a lot of animals in them. If you have a pet, imitate the noises they make and encourage your child to imitate them. If you are able, visit a zoo or another place where you can see more animals and hear their sounds.

Imitating animal sounds can help a child with a speech delay.

Source

Have Your Child Play With Children Who Are Speaking More

Sometimes, kids learn better from other kids. This is why a lot of kids start talking a lot more once they go to school or daycare. If you know families with children around the same age as your child but who are talking, organize some play dates. If you have older children, ask them to play with the younger one. Since discovering my younger daughter’s speech delay, I have encouraged my older daughter to play with her and to use strategies like self-talk and parallel talk.

Give Choices, and Avoid “Yes” or “No” Questions

A lot of children with a speech delay get really good at shaking their heads “yes” or “no.” They have discovered that that works good enough to get their point across and get their needs met. Sometimes, this has turned in to me pointing at four or five different items on a shelf until my daughter finally shaking her head “yes” instead of “no.” A speech therapist friend of mine suggested offering two choices instead of closed-ended questions. When I ask now, for instance, if she would like to play with the dog or the bear, she will at least make the beginning consonant and vowel sound of the choice she prefers.

In the end, most children will learn to talk and will catch up with their peers. If by 18 months your child is not talking at all, it is a good idea to get a speech evaluation. Some kids will start talking just fine when they are two or older, however. These strategies can help in the meantime to encourage your child as much as possible in a positive way at home.

What Strategies Have Worked for You?

What strategies have you used to encourage talking? What has worked best?

See results

Have you had success with any of these suggestions for encouraging speech in late talkers? I would love to hear your success stories as well as any suggestions of strategies that have worked for you.

Questions & Answers

  • My kid signs rhymes, and almost remembers the alphabet, but in general, he does not talk. Why is this?

    He may be shy. If he is doing those things I am guessing he is catching on to words too, and has those in his head. He may do what my daughter did, and start talking out of the blue using words she's been hearing.

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    • profile image

      Sayama 

      21 hours ago

      My kid is 2yrs 6 months he is not speaking , i was was also late speaker so will he be like me, he like to watch ryhmes more he like phonic he always watch phonic and if he wants some chocolate, water, banana only that much , he point out he dnt say just bring my hand till the object , after giving he is ok or else will cry, is itbok or need to show for speech therapy pls reply

    • profile image

      Nebyou 

      2 weeks ago

      I have same issue. My daughter she 5 and remembers all of the kiss songs but she had a hard time communicating with us. She goes to school since 3 and was getting a speech therapy there also in private but we are not seeing the change we want.

    • Megan Machucho profile imageAUTHOR

      Megan Machucho 

      4 weeks ago from Milwaukee, WI

      Have you talked to your pediatrician about a referral for a speech evaluation?

    • profile image

      Nadia Nassar 

      4 weeks ago

      Hi there my son will be 25 months on Sunday. He does NOT talk. Like nothing, I thought I heard him say ball a few times yesterday, and he sounds like he might be saying kitty when he sees the family cat. I enrolled him in speech therapy at the hospital but have only had two sessions so far. I don't know if my son is moody, but he is definitely hard to control at times and throws tantrums for no reason at home and in public, and so far at both of his group therapy (speech) sessions. (Only 2 other kids and their moms). He points quite a bit, however, for the most part I don't know what he is trying to communicate, although he is really good at taking my hand and leading me to where he wants or needs to go. I feel as if his tantrums are related possibly to his frustration due to not being able to communicate with his parents. But it also frustrates me and I am a very emotional person and am worried that me upset = crying will discourage him. Can anyone suggest some tips.We are only now really starting to get more into reading (over the last couple of months) due to the fact that before that he would just rip the pages. I need help, I want to help him but I don't know how.Thanks

    • profile image

      Rupal kshatriya 

      2 months ago

      Hii my son is 2.6 years. He dont speak fully. Be understand what i say. N he umderstand all cartoon n rhymes n doing the same actions as they do.

      Me n my husband from differnt language but full day he live with me. He sounds animals like cow dog elephant crow. I started his pre nusery school just few days back but he dont understand what teacher say.

      Hw i help him n wht shldi do?? Plz guide me.

    • profile image

      pratibha 

      8 months ago

      My son is 3and a half what should i do at home to make him talk... everything else is normal.. He is hearing properly, understanding everything. please suggest me something I can do at home.

    • fpherj48 profile image

      Paula 

      14 months ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

      Oh how I love reading this particular type of article (about childhood development, parental concerns, etc).....NOW, as I sit so smug, with 4 adult sons (married Dads) 12 grandchildren & one great grandchild. Did I know everything and do everything right? Of course not! Let's get serious. Do I know everything now and if I could start all over again, would I do it all right this time? YES I do and probably I would not. This wise old Gram is smart enough to know that the MOM who knows it all or has all the answers, hasn't been born yet. Oh, but do we all Love our kids to pieces and always want the very best for them? Absolutely.

      Thus we will watch, listen, cater to, teach, read all the books.....believe all the so-called "experts", worry, fret & make sure we're on top of it all. Phew.....what a job, eh, Moms?

      Children come in every variety, so far known to man....and then some. Late walkers, talkers, early learners, young geniuses, those who are mild-mannered, the monkeys who never sit still....gigglers & the less easily-entertained.

      I recall a good friend whose 4th child was non verbal even at 19 months and both parents were baffled by this. The child was near perfect in every way but would only mumble some sounds and do a lot of pointing. It was clear he comprehended every word said to him by anyone. Mom & Dad did the whole Dr, testing, researching, praying....when one day out of the blue, this little boy opened his mouth and spoke 3 complete comprehensible sentences in a row......and from that day forward out-talked his 3 siblings. The real laugh to this is that he became an attorney! That's what I call, I R O N I C.....and there are stories just like this one, by the thousands.

      You're right to seek help and/or answers when you have concerns. Your child, your right to do what you feel best...always.

      As an old Veteran, who has not only been through the Parent ringer, but has observed at least a million family situations....all I want to say is, relax as much as possible and as is within the safe circle, be patient, put your fabulous intuitions & natural instincts to work (just as F.A. did....BRAVO to you, Mom) know when it's advisable to seek help...(and even if it is to calm your anxiety) and just keep that Parental love going full force. Thankfully, 96% of the time, (and I don't need to tell you that's almost always!) everything will be just fine! I swear! Peace, Paula

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 

      14 months ago from USA

      I'm a psychologist and when my daughter (who is now 17) was only 9 months of age she lost the few words she had attempted. There was never any babbling or bye bye, mama, dada. There was actually no waving either, and the eye contact was not there. She seemed to retreat into herself, and I had her hearing tested. It was fine.

      I then took her to The Cleveland Clinic to have her evaluated for autism. They didn't think she had it because she did respond nonverbally to social cues. She was assessed as mild to moderate speech impaired at 9 months. After a couple of expensive and unproductive speech therapy sessions, I developed my own action plan that involved narrating aloud nearly everything I was doing, singing a lot, joining a mother and baby Kindermusik group, reading Dr. Seuss in particular but lots and lots of other books, using accents and intonations to make it really fun, and looking her in the eyes when I was soliciting information or giving direction. I also tried to use what she enjoyed to reward and encourage verbalizing. She loved animals so we concentrated a lot on names, textures, sounds animals make, and going to onsite locations like the farm and the zoo.

      By age 2 1/2 I could not shut her up. She was very outgoing and the life of anywhere we went, often engaging strangers about why they were in wheelchairs ("wheelseats") or why they were sad. Today at age 17 that has moderated and she is a gifted student and socially well adjusted (although having a psychologist for a parent is never easy!). I encourage any parent struggling with this issue to love them relentlessly and pursue a set of strategies that work for you.

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